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Paraoxonase-1 (PON1) is a high density lipoprotein (HDL)-associated serum enzyme that protects low density lipoproteins from oxidative modifications. There is a relative lack of information on mechanisms implicated in PON1 release from cells. The present study focused on a model derived from stable transfection of CHO cells, to avoid co-secretion of(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the expression of cellular adhesion molecules (CAMs) is enhanced in individuals with low HDL cholesterol (HDL-C). Plasma levels of soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (sVCAM-1), intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1), and E-selectin (sE-selectin) were measured in subjects with low (below the(More)
Plasma high density lipoproteins (HDL) comprise a highly heterogeneous family of lipoprotein particles, differing in density, size, surface charge, and lipid and protein composition. Epidemiological studies have shown that plasma HDL level inversely correlates with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. The most relevant atheroprotective function of HDL is(More)
There are several potential mechanisms by which HDLs protect against the development of vascular disease. One relates to the unique ability of these lipoproteins to remove cholesterol from the arterial wall. Another is the ability of HDL to prevent and eventually correct endothelial dysfunction, a key variable in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis and its(More)
OBJECTIVE To analyze the cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) gene and the plasma HDL phenotype in a Caucasian subject with extremely elevated plasma high density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C). METHODS AND RESULTS The proband, a 63-year-old male of Swedish ancestry with elevated HDL-C (208mg/dl) and apoA-I (and 272mg/dl), was found to be homozygous(More)
The lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT) enzyme is responsible for the synthesis of cholesteryl esters in human plasma and plays a critical role in high density lipoprotein (HDL) metabolism. Genetic LCAT deficiency is a rare metabolic disorder characterized by low HDL cholesterol levels. This paper reviews the genetic and biochemical features of LCAT(More)
Lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT) is the enzyme responsible for cholesterol esterification in plasma. LCAT is a major factor in HDL remodeling and metabolism, and it has long been believed to play a critical role in macrophage reverse cholesterol transport (RCT). The effect of LCAT on human atherogenesis is still controversial. In the present(More)
BACKGROUND The effectiveness of therapies that raise high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) to lower cardiovascular disease risk is currently under debate, and further research into the relationship between HDL-C and function is required. OBJECTIVE o investigate whether 2 established HDL-C-raising therapies had differential effects on parameters of(More)
AIMS The aim of the present study was to evaluate the high-density lipoprotein (HDL) structure and endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) activation capacity in ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients with different acute-phase inflammatory response (APR). METHODS AND RESULTS Forty-five STEMI patients were stratified in quartiles according to the(More)
BACKGROUND The outcome of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is apparently worse in patients receiving a prior thrombolytic therapy ('facilitated PCI'). Recombinant tissue-type plasminogen activator (rt-PA) can degrade circulating high-density lipoproteins (HDL) bound apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I), thus possibly reducing the vascular protective(More)