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The origin and fate of renal interstitial myofibroblasts (MFs), the effector cells of renal fibrosis, are still debated. Experimental evidence suggests that renal MFs derive from tubular epithelial cells throughout the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) process. Primary human tubular epithelial cells (HUTECs) were cultured for 4 and 6 days on plastic(More)
Regulation of mesangial matrix deposition is a dynamic phenomenon involving synthetic and degradative processes. The latter involve a number of matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) and tissue inhibitors of matrix metalloproteinases (TIMP). Experimental studies suggest that mesangial matrix degradation is inhibited in diabetic nephropathy, and that this(More)
Dent disease (DD) is a rare X-linked recessive renal tubulopathy characterised by low-molecular-weight proteinuria (LMWP), hypercalciuria, nephrocalcinosis and/or nephrolithiasis. DD is caused by mutations in both the CLCN5 and OCRL genes. CLCN5 encodes the electrogenic chloride/proton exchanger ClC-5 which is involved in the tubular reabsorption of albumin(More)
At present, it is not clear whether mesangial proliferation underlies mesangial expansion in diabetic nephropathy. To address this issue and the relationship between heparin's renoprotective and antimitogenic activities, we studied three streptozotocin-induced diabetic rat groups 5 and 12 months after diabetes induction: two groups were administered a(More)
Chronic induction of the prosclerotic cytokine transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy. In a rat model of diabetes mellitus-induced glomerulosclerosis, daily administration of a modified heparin (mH) glycosaminoglycan (GAG) preparation with low anticoagulant activity prevented glomerular and(More)
BACKGROUND It is hypothesized that in acute and chronic CsA nephrotoxicity, in vivo models CsA side-effects are mediated by Renin-Angiotensin II (RAS)-TGF-beta-1 pathway. However, to induce chronic nephrotoxicity, CsA administration has to be combined with a low salt diet, which causes hemodynamic changes and RAS up-regulation. MATERIALS AND METHODS In(More)
BACKGROUND IgA nephropathy (IgAN) is the most common primary glomerulonephritis worldwide and is characterized by extremely variable clinical and morphological features and outcome. TGF-beta1 has a key role in fibrogenesis and the progression of renal damage. Its production is under genetic control. METHODS We recruited 105 Italian biopsy-proven IgAN(More)
Understanding how mesenchymal cells arise from epithelial cells could have a strong impact in unveiling mechanisms of epithelial cell plasticity underlying kidney regeneration and repair. In primary human tubular epithelial cells (HUTEC) under different TGFβ1 concentrations we had observed epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) but not(More)
Dent's disease is an X-linked renal tubulopathy caused by mutations mainly affecting the CLCN5 gene. Defects in the OCRL gene, which is usually mutated in patients with Lowe syndrome, have been shown to lead to a Dent-like phenotype called Dent disease 2. However, about 20% of patients with Dent's disease carry no CLCN5/OCRL mutations. The disease's genetic(More)