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The Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) is a poikilothermic animal living at temperatures between 2-15 degrees C. Isolated cod brain tubulin is, in contrast to mammalian brain tubulin, posttranslationally modified by acetylation to a high extent. To investigate the role of acetylation in cold adaptation, microtubules were isolated by a taxol-dependent procedure(More)
Calpain I and II (EC 3.4.22.17) are Ca2+-activated neutral thiol-proteases. Isolated brain tubulin and microtubule-associated proteins were found to be good substrates for proteolytic degradation by brain calpain I and II. The assembly of microtubules was totally inhibited when the calpains were allowed to act on microtubule proteins initially, and a(More)
Assembly of brain microtubule proteins isolated from the Atlantic cod, Gadus morhua, was found to be much less sensitive to colchicine than assembly of bovine brain microtubules, which was completely inhibited by low colchicine concentrations (10 microM). The degree of disassembly by colchicine was also less for cod microtubules. The lack of colchicine(More)
The growth and shortening of microtubules in dynamic instability is known to be modulated by microtubule-associated proteins (MAPs). A full understanding of the mechanism of dynamic instability requires that one distinguish which of its aspects are mediated by microtubule-associated proteins (even in small residual concentrations) and which are intrinsic(More)
The dynamic instability of microtubules free of microtubule-associated proteins from two genera of cold-living fishes was measured, by means of video-enhanced differential-interference-contrast microscopy, at temperatures near those of their habitats. Brain microtubules were isolated from the boreal Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua; habitat temperature(More)
Isolated microtubules from cod (Gadus morhua) are apparently more stable to colchicine than bovine microtubules. In order to further characterize this difference, the effect of the colchicine analogue 2-methoxy-5-(2,3,4-trimethoxyphenyl)-2,4,6-cyclo heptatrien-1-one (MTC) was studied on assembly, as measured by turbidity and sedimentation analysis, and on(More)
The immunohistochemical distribution of microtubule-associated protein 2 (MAP2), being normally restricted to nerve cell bodies and dendrites, became altered in rat dorsal root ganglia and spinal cord neurons in cultures infected with rhesus rotavirus. MAP2 appeared in axons of both sources of neurons as displayed with monoclonal antibodies to MAP2a + b and(More)
Cod and bovine microtubule proteins (MTP) differ from each other in many respects, e.g., tubulin isoforms and microtubule-associated proteins (MAPs) but only cod MTP are cold-adapted. We used these differences to determine how tubulin isoform composition affects microtubule properties. Mixtures of cod and bovine MTP coassembled at 30 degrees C as shown by(More)