Learn More
OBJECTIVES In healthy subjects, the neural correlates of visceral pain bear much similarity with the correlates of somatic pain. In patients with irritable bowel syndrome, the central nervous system is believed to play a strong modulatory or etiological role in the pathophysiology of the disease. We hypothesize that this role must be reflected in(More)
Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) was applied to determine the involvement of the angular gyri in the processing of categorical and coordinate spatial relations. In a categorical task, subjects were asked to judge whether a dot was presented above or below a horizontal line. In a coordinate task, they were asked to judge whether or not the(More)
The cognitive mechanisms involved in polysyllabic pseudo-word processing -- and their neurobiological correlates -- were studied through the analysis of length effects on French words and pseudo-words in reading and lexical decision. Connectionist simulations conducted on the ACV98 network paralleled the behavioral data in showing a strong length effect on(More)
Compared with complex coordinated orofacial actions, few neuroimaging studies have attempted to determine the shared and distinct neural substrates of supralaryngeal and laryngeal articulatory movements when performed independently. To determine cortical and subcortical regions associated with supralaryngeal motor control, participants produced lip, tongue(More)
Previous behavioral data suggest that the salience of taxonomic (e.g., hammer-saw) and thematic (e.g., hammer-nail) conceptual relations depends on object categories. Furthermore, taxonomic and thematic relations would be differentially grounded in the sensory-motor system. Using a picture matching task, we asked adult participants to identify taxonomic and(More)
Cognitive neuroscience relies on two sets of techniques to map the neural networks underlying cognition in humans: recordings of either regional metabolic changes (fMRI or PET) or fluctuations in the neural electromagnetic fields (EEG and MEG). Despite major advances in the last few years, an explicit linkage between the two is still missing and the(More)
This study assesses the interest of a simple fMRI rhyme detection paradigm to determine hemispheric predominance for language in epileptic patients. Nineteen patients were examined. The findings derived from the fMRI examinations were compared with those obtained on the same patients using the Wada test, stereotactic intracerebral EEG stimulations and(More)
Two methods of quantifying hemispheric language dominance (HLD) in neurosurgical patients are compared: (1) an average magnitudes (AM) method, which is a calculation of the average signal intensity variation in regions of interest for each patient that were predefined in a group analysis for each task, and (2) a lateralization indices (LI) method, which is(More)
It is becoming increasingly clear that attention-demanding tasks engage not only activation of specific cortical regions but also deactivation of other regions that could interfere with the task at hand. At the same time, electrophysiological studies in animals and humans have found that the participation of cortical regions to cognitive processes(More)
It has been suggested that visual scene recognition is mainly based on spatial frequency (Fourier) analysis of the image. This analysis starts with processing low spatial frequencies (LSF), followed by processing high spatial frequencies (HSF). Within the framework of the spatial frequency analysis, the right/left hemisphere would be predominantly involved(More)