Monica B. Emelko

Learn More
The limited efficacy of disinfectants, other than ultraviolet irradiation and ozonation, as a barrier against Cryptosporidium parvum in drinking water treatment has underscored the increased importance of oocyst removal by filtration. Currently, no reliable surrogates have been identified for C. parvum removal by filtration. As a result, evaluations of the(More)
The erosion characteristics and bed stability of wildfire-affected stream sediment were measured in an annular flume. Biofilms were grown in the flume on cohesive streambed sediments collected from a wildfire affected stream and a reference undisturbed stream in southern Alberta, Canada. Examined factors that influence sediment erosion, settling and bed(More)
Bacteriophages are bacterial viruses with unique characteristics that make them excellent surrogates for mammalian pathogenic viruses in environmental studies. Simple and reliable methodologies for isolation, detection, characterization and enumeration of somatic and F-specific bacteriophage are available in the literature. Limited information or methods(More)
Forests form the critical source water areas for downstream drinking water supplies in many parts of the world, including the Rocky Mountain regions of North America. Large scale natural disturbances from wildfire and severe insect infestation are more likely because of warming climate and can significantly impact water quality downstream of forested(More)
In many parts of the world, forests provide high quality water for domestic, agricultural, industrial, and ecological needs, with water supplies in those regions inextricably linked to forest health. Wildfires have the potential to have devastating effects on aquatic ecosystems and community drinking water supply through impacts on water quantity and(More)
Many of the methods routinely used to quantify microscopic discrete particles and microorganisms are based on enumeration, yet these methods are often known to yield highly variable results. This variability arises from sampling error and variations in analytical recovery (i.e., losses during sample processing and errors in counting), and leads to(More)
Eight saturated column experiments were conducted to examine the effects of solution chemistry and grain size on the transport of colloids through crushed silica sand. Two sizes of colloids, 0.025-microm bacteriophage (MS-2) and 1.5-microm carboxylated microspheres, were used as surrogates for the transport of pathogenic viruses and bacteria, respectively.(More)
A lens-free spectral light-field fusion microscopy (LSLFM) system is presented for enabling contrast- and resolution-enhanced imaging of biological specimens. LSLFM consists of a pulsed multispectral lens-free microscope for capturing interferometric light-field encodings at various wavelengths, and Bayesian-based fusion to reconstruct a fused object(More)
Maintenance of appropriate chemical pretreatment is a critical component of ensuring proper filtration performance. Pilot-scale in-line filtration studies were performed to investigate the relative impacts of chitosan, alum, and FeCl(3) coagulation on the removal of Cryptosporidium parvum oocysts and oocyst-sized polystyrene microspheres by granular media(More)