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c-Jun N-terminal kinases (JNKs) (comprising JNK1-3 isoforms) are members of the MAPK (mitogen-activated protein kinase) family, activated in response to various stimuli including growth factors and inflammatory cytokines. Their activation is facilitated by scaffold proteins, notably JNK-interacting protein-1 (JIP1). Originally considered to be mediators of(More)
Growth and guidance of developing or regenerating axons require sensing of environmental cues (EC) by the growth cone. To explore the role of a spatially defined distribution of ligands on guidance, extension, and branching, we used a microcontact-printing technique allowing to deposit ligands as discrete spots of a size smaller than a cell body.(More)
In the developing cortex, projection neurons undergo multipolar-bipolar transition, radial-directed migration, and maturation. The contribution of these developmental steps to the structure of the adult cortex is not completely understood. Here, we report that huntingtin (HTT), the protein mutated in Huntington's disease, is enriched in polarizing(More)
Spinal cord injury (SCI) results in loss of sensory and motor function because injured axons do not regenerate and neurons that die are not replaced. Nevertheless, there is evidence for spontaneous reorganization of spared pathways (i.e. sprouting) that could be exploited to improve functional recovery. The extent of morphological remodeling after spinal(More)
A polyglutamine expansion in huntingtin (HTT) causes the specific death of adult neurons in Huntington's disease (HD). Most studies have thus focused on mutant HTT (mHTT) toxicity in adulthood, and its developmental effects have been largely overlooked. We found that mHTT caused mitotic spindle misorientation in cultured cells by altering the localization(More)
Mutations of the huntingtin protein (HTT) gene underlie both adult-onset and juvenile forms of Huntington's disease (HD). HTT modulates mitotic spindle orientation and cell fate in mouse cortical progenitors from the ventricular zone. Using human embryonic stem cells (hESC) characterized as carrying mutations associated with adult-onset disease during(More)
The microtubule-associated protein MAP1B plays a key role in axon regeneration. We investigated the role of GSK3-mediated MAP1B phosphorylation in local fine-tuning of neurite branching and the underlying microtubule (MT) dynamics. In wildtype adult dorsal root ganglia (DRG) neurons, MAP1B phosphorylation is locally reduced at branching points, and(More)
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