Moncef Benkhalifa

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OBJECTIVES Cytogenetic analysis of spontaneous abortion samples can be limited by culture failure. Failure to grow in vitro has traditionally been suspected to be due to in vivo death of tissue associated with spontaneous abortion (SAB) or simply technical factors of growth in culture. METHOD We used array comparative genomic hybridization (array CGH) to(More)
Multiple displacement amplification (MDA) is a technique used in the amplification of very low amounts of DNA and reported to yield large quantities of high-quality DNA. We used MDA to amplify the whole genome directly from a single cell. The most common techniques used in PGD are PCR and fluorescent in-situ hybridization (FISH). There are many limitations(More)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) have a negative impact on sperm DNA, leading to the formation of oxidative products such as 8-oxo-7,8-dihydroxyguanosine. This compound causes fragmentation and, thus, has a mutagenic effect. Patient treatment with oral antioxidant vitamins is, therefore, standard practice for male infertility, in an attempt to decrease(More)
BACKGROUND The study aim was to evaluate the relationship between pronuclei morphology scoring (PNMS) and the chromosomal complement of embryos in couples with severe male infertility undergoing ICSI. A total of 3116 pre-embryos was scored according to PNMS in 452 cycles. METHODS Pre-embryos were classified into eight categories based on the alignment,(More)
Chromosome abnormalities in embryos are a major cause of implantation and development failures. Some couples with normal karyotypes have repeated implantation failures after intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). In order to value patients at risk for genetic ICSI failures and the validity of sperm aneuploidy analysis, we have studied cytogenetic(More)
To determine the level of expression for mRNAs that regulate DNA repair activity in oocytes at the germinal vesicle (GV) stage. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) have been shown to play a major role in the appearance of deleterious DNA decays, and this study focuses on the repair of damage linked to decay caused by the action of ROS. The oocyte needs a(More)
In-vitro maturation (IVM) was performed in 350 cycles for 262 unstimulated patients diagnosed with polycystic ovary syndrome who were primed with human chorionic gonadotrophin (HCG) before oocyte retrieval. In order to improve nuclear and cytoplasmic maturation, growth hormone was added to the maturation medium. Oocytes were recovered in 94.8% of the(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the relationship between MTHFR and MTRR genetic variants with respect to both blood plasma homocysteine concentration and sperm counts. DESIGN Polymerase chain reaction followed by specific enzymatic digestion to determine the genotype of the individuals and blood plasma homocysteine quantification by high-performance liquid(More)
Purpose: Cytogenetic studies of arrested oocytes and zygotes were used to understand in vitro fertilization (IVF) failures. Methods: We investigated the cytogenetics (Giemsa banding and FISH) of 710 uncleaved oocytes and 94 arrested zygotes from 208 patients undergoing IVF procedures. Results and Conclusions: Of uncleaved oocytes without a polar body, 39%(More)
To date, mutations in two genes, SPATA16 and DPY19L2, have been identified as responsible for a severe teratozoospermia, namely globozoospermia. The two initial descriptions of the DPY19L2 deletion lead to a very different rate of occurrence of this mutation among globospermic patients. In order to better estimate the contribution of DPY19L2 in(More)