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Peritoneal macrophage activation as measured by H2O2 release and histopathology was compared between Swiss mice and Calomys callosus, a wild rodent, reservoir of Trypanosoma cruzi, during the course of infection with four strains of this parasite. In mice F and Y strain infections result in high parasitemia and mortality while with silvatic strains(More)
Calomys callosus a wild rodent, previously described as harboring Trypanosoma cruzi, has a low susceptibility to infection by this protozoan. Experiments were designed to evaluate the contribution of the immune response to the resistance to T. cruzi infection exhibited by C. calossus. Animals were submitted to injections of high (200 mg/kg body weight) and(More)
The interaction of the innate immune system with the microbial world involves primarily two sets of molecules generally known as microbial pattern recognition receptors and microbial pattern recognition molecules, respectively. Examples of the former are the Toll receptors present particularly in macrophages and dendritic cells. Conversely, the microbial(More)
The mechanisms that control TNF-alpha production by macrophages during Trypanosoma cruzi infection are still unknown. Destruction of intracellular forms by cytokine activated macrophages is considered to be a major mechanism of parasite elimination. Although in vitro TNF-alpha contributes to enhanced parasite destruction by macrophages, previous work in(More)
Serum levels of interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) were evaluated inCalomys callosus, and Swiss mice during the course of infection by four strains ofTrypanosoma cruzi. All strains stimulated the production of this interleukine; however, the timing of its onset and permanence When chronically infected animals with no detectable serum IFN-γ were challenged with the(More)
We have evaluated the ability of the Leishmania protein LeIF to influence the Th1/Th2 cytokine responses and the generation of LeIF-specific T cell clones in the absence of adjuvant. We characterized LeIF-specific T cell responses in Leishmania major-infected and uninfected BALB/c mice. These mice develop a strong Th2 response during infection with L.(More)
Calomys callosus a wild rodent, is a natural host of Trypanosoma cruzi. Twelve C. callosus were infected with 10(5) trypomastigotes of the F strain (a myotropic strain) of T. cruzi. Parasitemia decreased on the 21st day becoming negative around the 40th day of infection. All animals survived but had positive parasitological tests, until the end of the(More)
The meta 1 gene of Leishmania is conserved across the genus and encodes a protein upregulated in metacyclic promastigotes. Meta 1 constitutive overexpressing mutants show increased virulence to mice. In this paper, both meta 1 recombinant protein and plasmids bearing the meta 1 gene were tested for their antigenicity and potential for inducing protective(More)