Monamaris Marques Borges

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We have evaluated the ability of the Leishmania protein LeIF to influence the Th1/Th2 cytokine responses and the generation of LeIF-specific T cell clones in the absence of adjuvant. We characterized LeIF-specific T cell responses in Leishmania major-infected and uninfected BALB/c mice. These mice develop a strong Th2 response during infection with L.(More)
Peritoneal macrophage activation as measured by H2O2 release and histopathology was compared between Swiss mice and Calomys callosus, a wild rodent, reservoir of Trypanosoma cruzi, during the course of infection with four strains of this parasite. In mice F and Y strain infections result in high parasitemia and mortality while with silvatic strains(More)
Toxoplasmosis is a highly prevalent zoonotic human infection caused by the Apicomplexa protozoon Toxoplasma gondii. The acute disease is usually mild or asymptomatic, except for foetal infection transmitted by acutely infected pregnant women, which courses as a devastating disease. In order to determine possible regional variations in risk factors, we(More)
Multivesicular bodies (MVBs) with diameters up to 4.5 microns were observed in the hippocampal pyramidal cells of rats submitted to chronic alcohol consumption. A significant increase in the volumetric density (Vv) of these organelles was found in CA1 pyramidal cells. Transitional forms of MVBs towards lysosomes were seen. A failure in MVB's enzymatic(More)
The mechanisms that control TNF-alpha production by macrophages during Trypanosoma cruzi infection are still unknown. Destruction of intracellular forms by cytokine activated macrophages is considered to be a major mechanism of parasite elimination. Although in vitro TNF-alpha contributes to enhanced parasite destruction by macrophages, previous work in(More)
The interaction of the innate immune system with the microbial world involves primarily two sets of molecules generally known as microbial pattern recognition receptors and microbial pattern recognition molecules, respectively. Examples of the former are the Toll receptors present particularly in macrophages and dendritic cells. Conversely, the microbial(More)
In this study an in vitro model was developed with the aim of investigating the modulatory effect of cholera toxin (CT) and its counterpart the heat labile toxin of Escherichia coli (LT) on TNF-alpha release induced by murine macrophages and primary human monocytes. Previous studies have demonstrated that the enzymatic activity of CT and LT molecules can(More)
Calomys callosus a wild rodent, previously described as harboring Trypanosoma cruzi, has a low susceptibility to infection by this protozoan. Experiments were designed to evaluate the contribution of the immune response to the resistance to T. cruzi infection exhibited by C. calossus. Animals were submitted to injections of high (200 mg/kg body weight) and(More)
Calomys callosus a wild rodent, is a natural host of Trypanosoma cruzi. Twelve C. callosus were infected with 10(5) trypomastigotes of the F strain (a myotropic strain) of T. cruzi. Parasitemia decreased on the 21st day becoming negative around the 40th day of infection. All animals survived but had positive parasitological tests, until the end of the(More)