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We used fMRI to study the distribution of object category information in the ventral visual pathway. Extending the findings of, we find that categories of stimuli can be distinguished by the pattern of activation they elicit across this entire pathway, even when the stimuli within a category differ in viewpoint, exemplar, or image format. However, regions(More)
Subjects were scanned in a single functional MRI (fMRI) experiment that enabled us to localize cortical regions in each subject in the occipital and temporal lobes that responded significantly in a variety of contrasts: faces>objects, body parts>objects, scenes>objects, objects>scrambled objects, and moving>stationary stimuli. The resulting activation maps(More)
1. Zinc may be released from some presynaptic glutamatergic neurons, including hippocampal mossy fibres and retinal photoreceptors. We whole-cell-clamped glial (Müller) cells isolated from the salamander retina to investigate the effect of zinc on glutamate transporters in these cells. Glutamate-evoked currents in these cells are generated largely by(More)
We study how neuronal connections in a population of spiking neurons affect the accuracy of stimulus estimation. Neurons in our model code for a one-dimensional orientation variable phi. Connectivity between two neurons depends on the absolute difference absolute value(phi - phi') between the preferred orientation of the two neurons. We derive an analytical(More)
Prism adaptation does not only induce short-term sensorimotor plasticity, but also longer-term reorganization in the neural representation of space. We used event-related fMRI to study dynamic changes in brain activity during both early and prolonged exposure to visual prisms. Participants performed a pointing task before, during, and after prism exposure.(More)
How representations of visual objects are maintained across changes in viewpoint is a central issue in visual perception. Whether neural processes underlying view-invariant recognition involve distinct subregions within extrastriate visual cortex for distinct categories of visual objects remains unresolved. We used event-related functional magnetic(More)
How reliably can a population of spiking neurons transmit a continuous-time signal? We study the noise spectrum of a fully connected population of spiking neurons with relative and absolute refractoriness. Spikes are generated stochastically with a rate that depends on the postsynaptic potential. The analytical solution of the noise spectrum of the(More)
BACKGROUND 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11DS) is a neurogenetic syndrome associated with a high rate of psychiatric disorders. Previous research has revealed distinctive cognitive deficits, including impaired face processing. However, the neuro-functional substrates underlying these deficits have not been explored. Our aim was to investigate facial and(More)
In this paper, we present a methodology for performing statistical analysis for image-based studies of differences between populations and describe our experience applying the technique in several different population comparison experiments. Unlike traditional analysis tools, we consider all features simultaneously, thus accounting for potential(More)
Biological neurons are noisy. Nevertheless, they are able to transfer information in a very reliable manner. We address the problem of signal transmission reliability using a network of stochastic neurons of the integrate-and-"re type. We have derived an analytical expression of the noise power and the signal-to-noise ratio as a function of di!erent network(More)