Mona Schweizer

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RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES MRI was used for the in vivo evaluation of unilateral hypoxic-ischemic brain injury and the evaluation of MK-801 in the neonatal rat. METHODS T2-weighted scans were obtained during the acute phase of HI injury and 3 months later. Histology was performed to correlate MRI signal changes with pathology. Finally, the effectiveness of(More)
A 54-year-old woman sustained an open fracture of the right femoral shaft after a bicycle accident in 1985. Several operations were performed, the last including internal fixation using a plate and screws. In 2002, acute diverticulitis was treated with cipro-floxacin/metronidazole. In 2007, she presented with pain and swelling of the right thigh. Plain(More)
Both neutral and adaptive evolutionary processes can cause population divergence, but their relative contributions remain unclear. We investigated the roles of these processes in population divergence in house sparrows (Passer domesticus) from Romania and Bulgaria, regions characterized by high landscape heterogeneity compared to Western Europe. We asked(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging was used for the in vivo evaluation of bihemispheric hypoxic-ischemic (HI) injury in the neonatal rat. METHODS Seven-day-old rats underwent sham surgery (n = 7) or bilateral carotid artery ligation and hypoxia (30-45 min) (n = 8). T2-weighted imaging was used to study the temporal evolution of(More)
A 3D projection reconstruction (3DPR) method was used to obtain in vivo 11B images in a large canine brain tumor model and in a human infused with borocaptate sodium (BSH). Studies were performed in dogs with and without gliosarcomas implanted and grown to a size of 2-3 cm. The 3DPR method demonstrates a signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) that allows qualitative(More)
Energy metabolites in rat brain under the same level of hypoxia were monitored by 31P NMR in both horizontal and vertical magnets. The changes in PCr, Pi, and pHi in the vertical setting toward the end of hypoxia were significantly larger and the recovery in the horizontally held animals was more complete. The results demonstrated quantitatively that the(More)
An elongated, narrow, slotted crossover surface coil provides surface localization capable of resolving in vivo 31P NMR spectra from skin tissues. The shallow B1 field penetration achieves localization objectives while the probe length maintains signal-to-noise requirements. Dielectric and inductive losses are minimized via the crossover design (see T. L.(More)
The crossover surface coil is constructed with two turns of copper foil using a unique transposition construction which incorporates an explicit center tap ground of the widened bottom layer. The coil reduces dielectric and inductive losses by effective shielding of electric fields and uniform distribution of magnetic fields for minimum Q losses upon(More)
In this paper the response of cerebral phosphate metabolism to mild hypoxia in young, medium and old rats has been studied via in-vivo [31P]nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). It was found that the young adults (5-6 months) were more sensitive to this mild stress than either the mature adult (11-12 months) or senescent (23-24 months) rats even though the(More)
Apparent 31P spin-lattice relaxation times have been measured in vivo for brain phosphates in young adult, mature adult, and aged rats at 4.7 T and 35 degrees C. Statistically significant differences were found for most phosphate species, except PCr and gamma-ATP, among the three age groups, particularly between the young and mature adults. Age-related(More)