Mona R. Prasad

Learn More
Previous studies have suggested that the neurotrophins brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and neurotrophin-3 (NT-3) are neuroprotective or neurotrophic for certain subpopulations of hippocampal neurons following various brain insults. In the present study, the expression of BDNF and NT-3 mRNAs in rat hippocampus was examined after traumatic brain(More)
Recent studies have suggested that brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BNDF) and its receptor, trkB, may provide neuroprotection following injury to the central nervous system. Conversely, other studies have implicated BDNF as a contributing factor to neurodegenerative events that occur following injury. In order to further investigate the role of BDNF in(More)
Ž . Alzheimer’s disease AD is an age-related, neurodegenerative disorder characterized by the presence of brainŽ . resident neurofibrillary tangles, senile plaques SP , and w x loss of synapses 9 . The major component of SP is the Ž . aggregated form of amyloid b-peptide A b , which is w x 39–43 amino acids in length 19 . A b is associated with free radical(More)
Lactate and free fatty acids (FFAs) were extracted from the cortices and hippocampi of rats subjected to sham operation, or mild (1.25 atm) or moderate (2.0 atm) fluid percussion (FP) injury, and their total tissue concentrations were measured. The elevation of lactate in the injured left cortex (IC) and ipsilateral hippocampus (IH) was significantly(More)
Alteration of epididymal function and its relation to maturation of spermatozoa was studied in 54 adult male albino rats. Levels of free and bound sialic acid in the spermatozoa and luminal contents of the epididymis and vas deferens were determined. A group of 10 received rabbit antiserum to ovine luteinizing hormone (LHAS) sc .2 ml/day for 5 days. 2(More)
Regional levels of lactate and free fatty acids (FFA) were measured after lateral fluid percussion (FP) brain injury in rats. At 5 min after injury, tissue concentrations of lactate were elevated in the cortices and hippocampi of both ipsilateral and contralateral hemispheres. Whereas lactate levels had returned to normal by about 20 min after injury in the(More)
General anesthetic agents often affect the biochemical and physiologic changes triggered by cerebral ischemia. This study examined the regional activities of ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) in gerbils subjected to 5 min of bilateral carotid occlusion without anesthesia. At 2, 4, and 6 h of reperfusion, significant ODC activity was observed in both the cortex(More)
Globally, about 1% of pregnant women are persistently infected with the hepatitis C virus (HCV). Mother-to-child transmission of HCV occurs in 3-5% of pregnancies and accounts for most new childhood infections. HCV-specific CD8(+) cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) are vital in the clearance of acute HCV infections, but in the 60-80% of infections that persist,(More)
This study examined ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) activity and edema formation bilaterally in brain cortices and hippocampi after lateral controlled cortical-impact injury in rats. To measure the activity of ODC, the brains of injured and control rats were frozen in situ at 30 minutes and at 6, 24, and 72 hours after controlled cortical-impact injury of(More)