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BACKGROUND Radioiodine (RAI) remains the mainstay of therapy for RAI-avid (RAIA) distant metastatic thyroid carcinoma. We previously demonstrated that RAI-refractory distant metastatic thyroid cancers commonly harbor BRAF mutations. However, the molecular profile of RAIA metastatic thyroid cancer is unknown. Here we describe the mutational profile of(More)
BACKGROUND The increasing incidence of thyroid cancer in the United States is well documented. In this study, we assessed the incidence patterns by histologic type according to demographic and tumor characteristics to further our understanding of these cancers. METHODS We used the National Cancer Institute's Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results(More)
BACKGROUND We hypothesized that diabetes may play a role in thyroid cancer risk due to the parallel secular rise in diabetes prevalence and morbidity in the United States, the higher prevalence of thyroid disorders among diabetics compared with the general population, and the potential roles of metabolic syndrome, obesity, and diabetes as precipitating(More)
Rho guanine nucleotide exchange factor 11 (ARHGEF11), located on chromosome 1q21, is involved in G protein signaling and is a pathway known to play a role in both insulin secretion and action. We genotyped 52 single nucleotide polymorphims (SNPs) in ARHGEF11 and compared the genotype frequencies of subjects with type 2 diabetes (n = 145) or type 2(More)
OBJECTIVE Recent, more selective use of radioactive iodine (RAI) has led to reevaluation of the clinical importance of achieving complete total thyroidectomy with minimal residual normal thyroid tissue. We utilize the improved localization by post-RAI remnant ablation, single photon emission computerized tomography-computed tomography (SPECT-CT) to define(More)
OBJECTIVES For the past 40 years, many clinicians have recommended RAI remnant ablation for essentially all differentiated thyroid cancer patients with a primary tumor size greater than 1.5 cm or with any evidence of even microscopic disease outside the thyroid capsule. This "one size fits all" approach exposes many low risk thyroid cancer patients to the(More)
Thyroid hormone is essential for normal metabolism and development, and overt abnormalities in thyroid function lead to common endocrine disorders affecting approximately 10% of individuals over their life span. In addition, even mild alterations in thyroid function are associated with weight changes, atrial fibrillation, osteoporosis, and psychiatric(More)
BACKGROUND This study investigates whether diabetes mellitus is a risk factor for the development of papillary thyroid cancer, using an age-, gender-, and race-matched analysis. METHODS We retrospectively reviewed the charts of 1559 patients with newly evaluated thyroid cancer over a 4-year period at our institution and identified 1313 patients (84%) with(More)
Calsequestrin (CASQ)1 is involved in intracellular storage and release of calcium, a process that has been shown to mediate glucose transport in muscle. Its gene, CASQ1, is encoded on chromosome 1q21, a region that has been linked to type 2 diabetes in the Amish and several other populations. We screened all 11 exons, exon-intron junctions, and the proximal(More)
Autoimmune thyroiditis (AITD) is a common disorder characterized by circulating antibodies to epitopes of thyroid tissue and hypothyroidism (Hashimoto's thyroiditis or AITD-hypothyroidism), although many subjects with AITD are euthyroid. Current evidence suggests that AITD is familial and polygenic. We studied AITD in a homogeneous founder Caucasian(More)