Mona M. Freidin

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Genetic diseases demonstrate that the normal function of CNS myelin depends on connexin32 (Cx32) and Cx47, gap junction (GJ) proteins expressed by oligodendrocytes. GJs couple oligodendrocytes and astrocytes (O/A channels) as well as astrocytes themselves (A/A channels). Because astrocytes express different connexins (Cx30 and Cx43), O/A channels must be(More)
CMTX, the X-linked form of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, is an inherited peripheral neuropathy arising in patients with mutations in the gene encoding the gap junction protein connexin 32 (Cx32). In this communication, we describe the expression levels and biophysical parameters of seven mutant forms of Cx32 associated with CMTX, when expressed in paired(More)
Recessive mutations in GJA12/GJC2, the gene that encodes the gap junction protein connexin47 (Cx47), cause Pelizaeus-Merzbacher-like disease (PMLD), an early onset dysmyelinating disorder of the CNS, characterized by nystagmus, psychomotor delay, progressive spasticity and cerebellar signs. Here we describe three patients from one family with a novel(More)
Programmed cell death (PCD) of sympathetic neurons is inhibited by nerve growth factor. However, factors that induce PCD of these cells are unknown. Leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) and ciliary neurotrophic factor, neuropoietic cytokines known to regulate sympathetic neuron gene expression, were examined for effects on survival of cultured sympathetic(More)
The connexins are a family of at least 20 homologous proteins in humans that form aqueous channels connecting the interiors of coupled cells and mediating electrical and chemical communication. Mutations in the gene for human connexin 31 (hCx31) are associated with disorders of the skin and auditory system. Alterations in functional properties of Cx31(More)
Connexin 32 (Cx32), a gap junction protein, is found within the para-nodal region and Schmidt-Lanterman incisures of myelinating Schwann cells (SCs). In developing and regenerating peripheral nerves, pro-myelinating SCs express Cx32 mRNA and protein in conjunction with the expression of myelin specific genes. Neuregulin-1 (Nrg1), a member of the neuregulin(More)
The nervous and immune systems interact in a bidirectional fashion. For example, the neuropeptide substance P (SP) has been implicated in a variety of immune responses. Conversely, cytokines, a class of immunoregulatory glycoproteins, affect the synthesis of neurotransmitters and neurotrophic factors. This paper examines the role of cytokines in regulating(More)
For the analysis of a simple steroid-dependent mating behavior, careful response definition, complete neural circuit delineation and placement of estrogen-responsive cells within this circuit have been accomplished. Molecular studies of two relevant genes have emphasized DNA/RNA hybridization assays and DNA binding techniques. For both the rat(More)
Charcot Marie Tooth disease (CMT) is a group of inherited disorders characterized clinically by exclusively or predominantly peripheral nerve dysfunction. CMT1X, the most common form of X-linked CMT is caused by mutations in connexin 32 (Cx32). In this work, we used dual whole cell patch clamp recording to examine the functional effects of mutations at the(More)
Autonomic neurons help to regulate immune responses, and there are reciprocal interactions between the nervous and immune systems. This study seeks to define some of the molecular mechanisms that may underlie such interactions. Immunoblot analysis indicated that cultured sympathetic neurons synthesize and release the cytokine interleukin 1 beta (IL-1 beta).(More)