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Forkhead transcription factor FOXO3 plays a critical role in suppressing tumor growth, in part, by increasing the cell cycle inhibitor p27kip1, and Foxo3 deficiency in mice results in marked colonic epithelial proliferation. Here, we show in Foxo3-deficient colonic epithelial cells a striking increase in intracytoplasmic lipid droplets (LDs), a dynamic(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Anti-angiogenic pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) is a 50 kDa secreted glycoprotein that is highly expressed in hepatocytes. Adipose triglyceride lipase (ATGL), a novel lipase critical for triglyceride metabolism, is a receptor for PEDF. We postulated that hepatocyte triglyceride metabolism was dependent on interactions between PEDF(More)
Angiogenesis sustains tumor growth and metastasis, and recent studies indicate that the vascular endothelium regulates tissue mass. In the prostate, androgens drive angiogenic inducers to stimulate growth, whereas androgen withdrawal leads to decreased vascular endothelial growth factor, vascular regression and epithelial cell apoptosis. Here, we identify(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the role of angiogenesis in the clinical behavior and pathogenesis of lymphangioma tumors. DESIGN A retrospective study. Median follow-up period was 44.5 months. SETTING Children's Memorial Hospital, Chicago, Ill. PATIENTS Tumor specimens from 12 pediatric patients who underwent surgical excision of cervicofacial lymphangioma(More)
The vacuolar-ATPase (v-ATPase) is a proton transporter found on many intracellular organelles and the plasma membrane (PM). The v-ATPase on PMs of cancer cells may contribute to their invasive properties in vitro. Its relevance to human cancer tissues remains unclear. We investigated whether the expression and cellular localization of v-ATPase corresponded(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Ethanol abuse can lead to hepatic steatosis and evolve into cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) is a multifunctional secreted glycoprotein that is expressed by hepatocytes. Proteomic, experimental, and clinical studies implicate PEDF's role in lipid regulation. Because matrix metalloproteinase(More)
Castration experiments in rodents show that the stromal vasculature is critical to the androgen-mediated prostate growth regulation. However, the role of angiogenesis inhibitors, such as thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1), in this process is unclear. TSP-1 is a multifunctional glycoprotein that can function as a potent angiogenesis inhibitor and an in vivo activator(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF), a non-inhibitory SERPIN with potent antiangiogenic activity, has been recently implicated in metabolism and adipogenesis, both of which are known to influence pancreatic cancer progression. Increased pancreatic fat in human pancreatic tumour correlates with greater tumour dissemination while PEDF(More)
INTRODUCTION Tissue Factor (TF) expression is observed in many types of cancer, associated with more aggressive disease, and thrombosis. Alternatively-spliced human tissue factor (asHTF) has recently been identified in which exon 5 is deleted. asHTF is soluble due to the substitution of the transmembrane and cytoplasmic domains of exon 6 with a unique(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE Pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF), a potent endogenous inhibitor of angiogenesis, is highly expressed in the kidney. The authors postulated that systemic administration of PEDF would decrease Wilms' tumor growth in a xenograft model, and increased renal vascularity would result in a mouse null for PEDF. METHODS Tumors were(More)