Mona Hoppenrath

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This revision of the classification of eukaryotes, which updates that of Adl et al. [J. Eukaryot. Microbiol. 52 (2005) 399], retains an emphasis on the protists and incorporates changes since 2005 that have resolved nodes and branches in phylogenetic trees. Whereas the previous revision was successful in re-introducing name stability to the classification,(More)
Both the photosynthetic and heterotrophic forms of the only known marine benthic (sand-dwelling) species of Polykrikos, namely P. lebourae, were investigated using light and electron microscopy and molecular phylogenetic analyses. The pseudocolonies usually contained eight integrated zooids and two nuclei. Pseudocolonies consisting of four or five zooids(More)
Athecate, pseudocolony-forming dinoflagellates have been classified within two genera of polykrikoids, Polykrikos and Pheopolykrikos, and different views about the boundaries and composition of these genera have been expressed in the literature. The photosynthetic polykrikoid Pheopolykrikos hartmannii, for instance, was originally described within(More)
We have characterized the intracellular development and ultrastructure of a novel parasite that infected the marine benthic dinoflagellate Prorocentrum fukuyoi. The parasite possessed a combination of features described for perkinsids and syndineans, and also possessed novel characters associated with its parasitic life cycle. Reniform zoospores, about 4(More)
The composition of the dinoflagellate genus Amphidinium is currently polyphyletic and includes several species in need of re-evaluation using modern morphological and phylogenetic methods. We investigated a broad range of uncultured morphotypes extracted from marine sediments in the Eastern Pacific Ocean that were similar in morphology to Amphidinium(More)
Gambierdiscus is a genus of benthic dinoflagellates found worldwide. Some species produce neurotoxins (maitotoxins and ciguatoxins) that bioaccumulate and cause ciguatera fish poisoning (CFP), a potentially fatal food-borne illness that is common worldwide in tropical regions. The investigation of toxigenic species of Gambierdiscus in CFP endemic regions in(More)
Dinoflagellates are common to abundant in both marine and freshwater environments. They are particularly diverse in the marine plankton where some cause “red tides” and other harmful blooms. More than 2,000 extant species have been described, only half of which are photosynthetic. They include autotrophs, mixotrophs and grazers. They are biochemically(More)
The contractile vacuole (CV) cycle ofChlamydomonas reinhardtii has been investigated by videomicroscopy and electron microscopy. Correlation of the two kinds of observation indicates that the total cycle (15 s under the hypo-osmotic conditions used for videomicroscopy) can be divided into early, middle, and late stages. In the early stage (early diastole,(More)
Dinoflagellates represent a major lineage of unicellular eukaryotes with unparalleled diversity and complexity in morphological features. The monophyly of dinoflagellates has been convincingly demonstrated, but the interrelationships among dinoflagellate lineages still remain largely unresolved. Warnowiid dinoflagellates are among the most remarkable(More)