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The aim of the present work was to evaluate the modulatory role of beta-carotene on the radiation-induced changes in certain biochemical and cytogenetic parameters. beta-Carotene was given by gavage at a dose of 5 mg/kg body weight for 7 consecutive days before whole body gamma irradiation with 7 Gy (single dose). The levels of beta-carotene in plasma,(More)
Transit of radiopaque markers was delayed in the ascending colon of 51 females and 3 males treated for severe idiopathic constipation. Onset of symptoms was between age 10 and 20 in more than half of the patients. Eighteen percent had previously undergone unnecessary laparotomy for large bowel pseudoobstruction. Stool frequency ranged from 1 stool every(More)
Bulboprostatic anastomotic urethroplasty was performed in 20 children with posterior urethral strictures secondary to bony pelvic fractures. The approach was perineal in 4 children and transpubic abdominoperineal in 16, with good postoperative results in 100 and 62.5%, respectively. In some children the urethral disruption occurred within the prostate(More)
Using adult mongrel dogs, the urodynamic characteristics of three types of ileal reservoirs were studied and compared. Segments of ileum of the same length were utilized to construct simple loop pouches (five dogs), DeKlerk pouches (five dogs) and Kock pouches (five dogs). Six to eight weeks after surgery, urodynamic evaluation was carried out. This(More)
The neuroprotective effect of Nigella sativa (NS) on amino acid neurotransmitters alteration in pentylenetetrazole (PTZ) and ciprofloxacin (CFX) treated rats in different brain regions was examined. The oral administration of NS induced an elevation in aspartate and glutamate contents, whereas the levels of GABA and glycine were decreased. Furthermore, the(More)
Mercury is the major component of dental amalgam restorative material, which typically has 50% pure elemental mercury. It is also used in some skin creams, and in the manufacturing of plastic, drugs and fungicides. The present study was designed to investigate the toxicity of methyl mercury (MeHg+) on isolated rat hepatocytes using several toxicity(More)
A vesicourethral electromyographic study was carried out on 21 cats of both sexes with extracellular electrodes along with monitoring of contraction and relaxation of various parts of the bladder and urethra. No consistent electromyographic pattern of slow and fast waves was observed in the bladder and urethra either in any empty bladder or during filling(More)
About 30% of U.S. women of reproductive age smoke cigarettes. The adverse effects of smoking on the adult population have prompted insertion of the surgeon general's warning on cigarette packages. The effects of smoking on pregnancy and the fetus have been well documented, but the causative agent in "smoke" that produces those adverse effects has not been(More)
We studied the effects of a variety of noncholinergic, nonadrenergic agents on the smooth muscles of the cat urethra. Prostaglandin F2 alpha contracted both urethral muscle layers to a similar extent. Prostaglandin E2 contracted the longitudinal and relaxed the circular muscle layers. The effects of the prostaglandins seem to be directly myogenic since(More)
We studied the effects of cholinergic and adrenergic agents on the 2 muscle layers of the proximal urethra of the cat. Strips were challenged with bethanechol chloride, phenylephrine and isoproterenol. Bethanechol chloride caused contraction of the longitudinally oriented strips; the circularly oriented strips revealed either minimal or no response to the(More)