Momoyo Hanazawa

Learn More
Caenorhabditis elegans is an ideal organism for the study of the molecular basis of fundamental biological processes such as germ-line development, especially because of availability of the whole genome sequence and applicability of the RNA interference (RNAi) technique. To identify genes involved in germ-line development, we produced subtracted cDNA pools(More)
The C. elegans germline provides an excellent model for analyzing the regulation of stem cell activity and the decision to differentiate and undergo meiotic development. The distal end of the adult hermaphrodite germline contains the proliferative zone, which includes a population of mitotically cycling cells and cells in meiotic S phase, followed by entry(More)
p53 is a tumor suppressor gene whose regulation is crucial to maintaining genome stability and for the apoptotic elimination of abnormal, potentially cancer-predisposing cells. C. elegans contains a primordial p53 gene, cep-1, that acts as a transcription factor necessary for DNA damage-induced apoptosis. In a genetic screen for negative regulators of(More)
Germ granules are germ lineage-specific ribonucleoprotein (RNP) complexes, but how they are assembled and specifically segregated to germ lineage cells remains unclear. Here, we show that the PGL proteins PGL-1 and PGL-3 serve as the scaffold for germ granule formation in Caenorhabditis elegans. Using cultured mammalian cells, we found that PGL proteins(More)
Eukaryotic initiation factor 5A (eIF-5A) was originally isolated as a translation initiation factor. However, this function has since been reconsidered, with recent studies pointing to roles for eIF-5A in mRNA metabolism and trafficking [Microbiol. Mol. Biol. Rev. 66 (2002) 460; Eur. Mol. Biol. Org. J. 17 (1998) 2914]. The Caenorhabditis elegans genome(More)
In C. elegans, the decision between germline stem cell proliferation and entry into meiosis is controlled by GLP-1 Notch signaling, which promotes proliferation through repression of the redundant GLD-1 and GLD-2 pathways that direct meiotic entry. We identify prp-17 as another gene functioning downstream of GLP-1 signaling that promotes meiotic entry,(More)
Monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) have been widely used to probe molecular components of specific cell types or cellular structures. We have developed a method to enrich antigens of low abundance in heterogeneous molecule mixtures by subtracting abundant antigens. The subtracted immunogen mixture is then used for immunization, which significantly increases the(More)
The developmental timing of all types of cells must be synchronized and spatially coordinated to achieve the organized development of a multicellular organism. Previously, we found RNAi of asb-1, encoding a germline-specific isoform of mitochondrial ATP synthase b subunit, caused 100% penetrant sterility in Caenorhabditis elegans. ATP synthase is one of the(More)
INTRODUCTION Stem cells achieve self-renewal through both the execution of mitotic cell division and maintenance of stem cell fate. Different stem cell types display distinct patterns of self-renewal and differentiation. For example, hematopoetic stem cells divide infrequently compared with ES cells (Orford and Scadden, 2008). Different modes of stem cell(More)
  • 1