Momotarou Ishikawa

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BACKGROUND & AIMS Islet transplantation has become available across the globe since a novel protocol was reported. However, because donors are in short supply, only a minority of patients benefit from this procedure. Pancreatic progenitor cells are a promising resource for regeneration of new islets, but whether progenitor cells reside in ductal epithelium(More)
Spontaneous remission of experimental allergic encephalomyelitis (EAE) is usually associated with prominent apoptosis. The mechanisms behind apoptosis are unknown. We examined the functions of dendritic cells (DC) from Lewis rats with EAE induced by immunization with myelin basic protein peptide 68-86 (MBP68 - - 86). Recovery from EAE was associated with(More)
Protracted-relapsing experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (PR-EAE) in DA rats is an animal model closely related to multiple sclerosis (MS). Previous studies showed that nasal administration of TGF-beta1 suppressed the development and relapse of PR-EAE clinically and pathologically. Here we demonstrate that this suppressive effect was associated with(More)
Astrocytes constitute a part of the blood-brain barrier. Chemokine expression by astrocytes may contribute to leucocyte infiltration within the central nervous system (CNS) during inflammation. To investigate factor(s) regulating chemokine expression by astrocytes, we studied the induction of beta-chemokine mRNA expression in adult rat astrocytes.(More)
The effect of rolipram, a selective inhibitor of phosphodiesterase type 4 (PDE4) and elevating cyclic AMP (cAMP), on in vivo and in vitro 3H-N-methylpiperidyl benzilate (3H-NMPB) binding to muscarinic acetylcholine receptors in the mouse brain was examined. Rolipram significantly decreased in vivo 3H-NMPB binding in the cerebral cortex, hippocampus and(More)
IL-10 and TGF-beta1 are important immunoregulatory cytokines associated with clinical remissions in multiple sclerosis and amelioration of experimental allergic encephalomyelitis (EAE). IL-10 and TGF-beta1 have previously been shown to prevent the development of EAE. Here, we study effects of IL-10 and TGF-beta1 in ongoing EAE. When IL-10 or TGF-beta1 was(More)