Momoko Yoneyama

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It has been hypothesized that certain viral infections directly activate a transcription factor(s) which is responsible for the activation of genes encoding type I interferons (IFNs) and interferon-stimulated genes (ISGs) via interferon regulatory factor (IRF) motifs present in their respective promoters. These events trigger the activation of defense(More)
BACKGROUND Infection by virus or treatment with double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) results in the activation of transcription factors including IRF-3, IRF-7 and a pleiotropic regulator NF-kappaB by specific phosphorylation. These factors are important in triggering a cascade of antiviral responses. A protein kinase that is yet to be identified is responsible for(More)
Interferon regulatory factor (IRF)-1 and IRF-2 have been implicated for the virus-induced expression of the interferon-alpha and beta (type I IFN) genes. However, recent gene disruption studies in mice suggested the presence of other factor(s) interacting with overlapping promoter elements. In the present paper, we describe the characterization of a DNA(More)
Virus infection triggers innate responses to host cells including production of type I interferon (IFN). Since IFN production is also induced by treatment with poly(I:C), viral double-stranded (ds) RNA has been postulated to play a direct role in the process. In the present study, we investigated the effect of dsRNA binding proteins on virus-induced(More)
Escherichia coli Orf135 hydrolyzes oxidatively damaged nucleotides such as 2-hydroxy-dATP, 8-oxo-dGTP and 5-hydroxy-CTP, in addition to 5-methyl-dCTP, dCTP and CTP. Nucleotide pool sanitization by Orf135 is important since nucleotides are continually subjected to potential damage by reactive oxygen species produced during respiration. Orf135 is a member of(More)
Interferon stimulated gene factor 3 (ISGF3) is a trimeric transcription factor activated on treatment of cells with interferon-alpha and beta (type I IFNs). Upon stimulation, the regulatory subunits, p84/91 and p113, present in the cytoplasm are phosphorylated at specific tyrosine residues and assemble with the DNA binding subunit, ISGF3 gamma, into the(More)
The recognition of viral nucleic acids with pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) is the first step in inducing the innate immune system. Type I interferons (IFNs), central mediators in antiviral innate immunity, along with other cytokines and chemokines, disrupt virus replication. Recent studies indicated at least two distinct pathways for the induction of(More)
Cellular genes including the type I interferon genes are activated in response to viral infection. We previously reported that IRF-3 (interferon regulatory factor 3) is specifically phosphorylated on serine residues and directly transmits a virus-induced signal from the cytoplasm to the nucleus, and then participates in the primary phase of gene induction.(More)
Escherichia coli Orf135 protein is thought to be an enzyme that efficiently hydrolyzes oxidatively damaged nucleotides such as 2-hydroxy-dATP, 8-hydroxy-dGTP and 5-hydroxy-CTP, in addition to 5-methyl-dCTP, dCTP and CTP, thus preventing mutations in cells caused by unfavorable base pairing. Nucleotide pool sanitization by Orf135 is important since organisms(More)
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