Momoko Nagai

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Cell-based therapy has been explored for articular cartilage regeneration. Autologous chondrocyte implantation is a promising cell-based technique for repairing articular cartilage defects. However, there are several issues such as chondrocyte de-differentiation. While numerous studies have been designed to overcome some of these issues, only a few have(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of temperature on the ability of the chondrocytes to produce extracellular matrix (ECM). MATERIALS AND METHODS Articular chondrocytes were isolated from porcine knee joints. The chondrocytes were cultured at three different temperatures: 32 °C, 37 °C, and 41 °C. The ability to produce ECM(More)
AIM To facilitate establishment of an effective thermotherapy for osteoarthritis (OA), we investigated the effects of the thermal environment on articular chondrocyte metabolism in vitro. METHODS Chondrocytes were isolated from porcine knee joints, and cultured at 32°C, 37°C and 41°C. Cell proliferation and viability were assessed at Days 2, 4 and 8. In(More)
BACKGROUND Muscle atrophy caused by immobilization in the shortened position is characterized by a decrease in the size or cross-sectional area (CSA) of myofibers and decreased muscle length. Few studies have addressed the relationship between limitation of the range of motion (ROM) and the changes in CSA specifically in biarticular muscles after atrophy(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine the ultrastructural changes of surface cartilage collagen fibers, which differ by region and the length of the experimental period in an immobilization model of rat. Male Wistar rats were randomly divided into histological or macroscopic and ultrastructural assessment groups. The left knees of all the animals were(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to identify reference genes showing stable expression in chondrocytes cultured under several different thermal environments and in different culture systems. MATERIALS AND METHODS Human articular chondrocytes were cultured by monolayer or pellet culture system at 32 °C, 37 °C, and 41 °C for 3 days. Thereafter, the(More)
BACKGROUND The differences of mechanical and histological properties between cartilage covered by menisci and uncovered by menisci may contribute to the osteoarthritis after meniscectomy and these differences are not fully understood. The purpose of this study is to investigate potential differences in the mechanical and histological properties, and in(More)
OBJECTIVE This study aimed to investigate subchondral bone changes using micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) and regional differences in articular cartilage degeneration, focusing on changes of cartilage covered by menisci, in the early phase using a destabilization of the medial meniscus (DMM) model. METHOD The DMM model was created as an experimental(More)
The repair of articular cartilage is challenging owing to the restriction in the ability of articular cartilage to repair itself. Therefore, cell supplementation therapy is possible cartilage repair method. However, few studies have verified the efficacy and safety of cell supplementation therapy. The current study assessed the effect of exercise on early(More)
OBJECTIVE Subchondral bone cyst (SBC) growth, caused by osteoclast activity during early knee osteoarthritis (OA) pathogenesis, should be treated to prevent further progressions of OA. In the present study, we evaluated the effects of gentle treadmill walking on subchondral bone and cartilage changes in an experimental rat model of destabilized medial(More)