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While the harmful health effects of carbon monoxide, nicotine, tar, irritants and other noxious gases that are present in tobacco smoke are well known, those due to heavy metals and other toxic mineral elements in tobacco smoke are not sufficiently emphasized. Tobacco smoking influences the concentrations of several elements in some organs. This review(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Microsatellite instability (replication error [RER]) is a characteristic of tumors in hereditary nonpolyposis colon cancer (HNPCC), but the mechanism of HNPCC carcinogenesis is not yet understood. To clarify the nature of HNPCC tumors, RER and genetic changes were compared between HNPCC and non-HNPCC tumors. METHODS RER and genetic(More)
A case of tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) has not been reported for many years in Japan, although a serological survey of sera from domestic animals suggested the presence of TBE foci in Hokkaido, the northern island of Japan. Studies were conducted to prove the presence of an endemic focus of TBE virus in Japan by means of serology and virus isolation. In(More)
A restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) assay was developed to examine the genetic variability and similarity of the VP4 genes of human rotaviruses. The VP4 genes of 14 human rotavirus strains, including VP4 serotype P1A strains (Wa, P, VA70), serotype P1B strain (DS-1), serotype P2 strains (M37, 1076, McN, ST3) and serotype P3 strains (AU-1,(More)
Periodontal ligament (PDL) cells play an important role in maintaining the homeostasis of periodontal tissues. However, it is not known how PDL cells contribute to osteoclastogenesis. In this study, we examined the consequences of cell-to-cell interactions between peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and PDL cells during osteoclastogenesis. PBMCs were(More)
The organ distribution and the effects of administration of tin, 5 mumol/kg/day, for 6 days on calcium, copper, iron, magnesium, phosphate, and zinc concentrations in plasma, erythrocytes, liver, kidney, and spleen of adult rabbits were studied. Kidney contained the highest concentration of tin, 15.0 +/- 1.64 micrograms/g wet weight (mean +/- S.D., n = 4).(More)
During orthodontic tooth movement, the activation of the vascular system in the compressed periodontal ligament (PDL) is an indispensable process in tissue remodeling. We hypothesized that compressive force would induce angiogenesis of PDL through the production of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). We examined the localization of VEGF in rat(More)
In cases of asymptomatic internal carotid-posterior communicating artery (IC-PC) protrusions, it is sometimes difficult to differentiate infundibular dilatation (ID) from aneurysm by digital subtraction angiography. We applied three-dimensional CT angiography (3D-CTA) in 32 cases of these IC-PC protrusions. SOMATOM PLUS 4 was used under such conditions as(More)
The periodontal ligament (PDL) maintains homeostasis of periodontal tissue under mechanical tensile-loading caused by mastication. Occlusal load inhibits atrophic alveolar bone resorption. Previously, we discovered that continuous compressive force on PDL cells induced osteoclastogenesis-supporting activity, with up-regulation of RANKL. We hypothesized(More)