Momoko Chiba

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While the harmful health effects of carbon monoxide, nicotine, tar, irritants and other noxious gases that are present in tobacco smoke are well known, those due to heavy metals and other toxic mineral elements in tobacco smoke are not sufficiently emphasized. Tobacco smoking influences the concentrations of several elements in some organs. This review(More)
Periodontal ligament (PDL) cells play an important role in maintaining the homeostasis of periodontal tissues. However, it is not known how PDL cells contribute to osteoclastogenesis. In this study, we examined the consequences of cell-to-cell interactions between peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and PDL cells during osteoclastogenesis. PBMCs were(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Microsatellite instability (replication error [RER]) is a characteristic of tumors in hereditary nonpolyposis colon cancer (HNPCC), but the mechanism of HNPCC carcinogenesis is not yet understood. To clarify the nature of HNPCC tumors, RER and genetic changes were compared between HNPCC and non-HNPCC tumors. METHODS RER and genetic(More)
Acidic and basic fibroblast growth factors (aFGF and bFGF) are angiogenic polypeptide mitogens for cells of mesodermal and neuroectodermal origin. In this report we describe the purification from several normal human hearts (including a very fresh, nonischemic sample) of heparin-binding, acid-, heat- and trypsin-sensitive 14-18-kD peptides that crossreact(More)
Increased oxidative stress induced by hyperglycemia may contribute to the pathogenesis of diabetic complications. Oxidative stress is known to increase the conversion of deoxyguanosine (dG) to 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) in DNA, which is linked to increased mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) deletions. We investigated mtDNA deletions and 8-OHdG in the muscle(More)
The authors modified the technique of open-door cervical laminoplasty with a patency maintenance method that relies only on soft tissue reconstruction. Thirty-five patients who underwent this procedure were evaluated at more than 2 years' follow-up. The expanded open-door lamina and excellent alignment on the lateral view of the cervical spine were well(More)
A restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) assay was developed to examine the genetic variability and similarity of the VP4 genes of human rotaviruses. The VP4 genes of 14 human rotavirus strains, including VP4 serotype P1A strains (Wa, P, VA70), serotype P1B strain (DS-1), serotype P2 strains (M37, 1076, McN, ST3) and serotype P3 strains (AU-1,(More)
Seventy male factory workers were studied. The lead concentrations in their blood (Pb-B) were 16.55 +/- 11.53 micrograms/100 ml (range 1.5 to 50.2 micrograms/100 ml). The subjects were divided into three groups according to Pb-B (in microgram/100 ml): group A, Pb-B < or = 10 (n = 22); group B, 10 < Pb-B < or = 20 (n = 30); group C, Pb-B > 20 (n = 18). The(More)