Momoko Chiba

Learn More
Lithium, a drug used to treat bipolar disorders, has a variety of neuroprotective mechanisms including inhibition of glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3), a major tau kinase. Recently, it has been shown that, in various neurodegenerative proteinopathies, lithium could induce autophagy. To analyze how lithium is therapeutically beneficial in tauopathies,(More)
OBJECTIVE To clarify the seasonal differences of the trace element excretion in sweat, the trace element concentration in sweat and their loss during exercise were compared between summer and winter. METHODS Sweat samples were collected from ten healthy adult males. Bicycle ergometer exercise was conducted by each subject at a heart rate of 140 beats/min(More)
OBJECTIVES Many kinds of heavy metals are used in industry; thus, it is important for us to clarify their toxicity. For example, lead, which is a component of solder, is notorious for its neurotoxicity, and substitute materials have been sought for many years. Therefore, we examined the genotoxicity of lead and also those of metallic bismuth, indium, silver(More)
OBJECTIVE Keshan disease is an endemic cardiomyopathy found in Keshan, north-east China. The first patient was identified in 1935. This disease is characterized by a blood circulation disorder, endocardium abnormality and myocardium necrosis. Selenium (Se) deficiency is thought to be a major factor by Chinese scientists. However, the exact etiology has not(More)
Indium is widely used in the electronics industry to make semiconductors, liquid-crystal panels, and plasma display panels, and its production is increasing. However, it is necessary to handle it more cautiously than before, because the pulmonary toxicity of inhaled indium has been identified. The present study aimed to characterize the potential toxic(More)
Whether or not the oral intake of metals such as aluminium (Al) and zinc (Zn) is a risk for Alzheimer's disease (AD) has been a matter of controversy. Lack of AD pathology in patients with Al encephalopathy indicates Al does not cause AD. On the other hand, some epidemiological studies have suggested high Al increases the occurrence of AD. Our purpose is to(More)
Selenium-enriched Japanese radish sprouts (Se-enriched JRS), in which Se-methylselenocysteine accounted for 80% of Se compounds, inhibited mammary tumorigenesis induced by 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene in rats. The effects of Se-enriched JRS on the oxidative stress-scavenging enzymes were investigated in rats. F344 female rats were fed test diets, in which(More)
Environmental diseases related to cadmium exposure primarily develop owing to industrial wastewater pollution and/or contaminated food. In regions with high cadmium exposure in Japan, cadmium accumulation occurs primarily in the kidneys of individuals who are exposed to the metal. In contrast, in the itai-itai disease outbreak that occurred in the Jinzu(More)
  • 1