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OBJECTIVE To examine the evidence on the benefits and harms of screening for prostate cancer. DESIGN Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. DATA SOURCES Electronic databases including Medline, Embase, CENTRAL, abstract proceedings, and reference lists up to July 2010. Review methods Included studies were randomised(More)
CONTEXT Controversy exists regarding the therapeutic value of lymphadenectomy (LND) in patients undergoing radical cystectomy (RC) for muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC). OBJECTIVE To systematically review the relevant literature assessing the impact of LND on oncologic and perioperative outcomes in patients undergoing RC for MIBC. EVIDENCE(More)
To assess the factors associated with increased citation rates in the urological literature by reviewing articles published in the four major urological journals to help authors improve the impact of their work. A random sample of 200 original research articles published between January and June 2004 was analysed from The Journal of Urology, Urology,(More)
BACKGROUND Transurethral radiofrequency collagen denaturation is a relatively novel, minimally invasive device-based intervention used to treat individuals with urinary incontinence (UI). No systematic review of the evidence supporting its use has been published to date. OBJECTIVES To evaluate the efficacy of transurethral radiofrequency collagen(More)
Both cancer-related inflammation and tumor-induced immune suppression are associated with expansion of myeloid cell subsets including myeloid-derived suppressor cells. However, little known regarding characteristics of myeloid cells in patients with bladder cancer. In this study, we analyzed myeloid cells from peripheral blood (PBMC) and tumor tissue that(More)
PURPOSE We critically assessed the methodological and reporting quality of published studies of ablative techniques for small renal masses. MATERIALS AND METHODS We performed a systematic PubMed® and EMBASE® literature search from January 1966 to March 2010 to identify all full text, original research publications on ablative therapy for renal masses. Six(More)
BACKGROUND As the incidence and prevalence of prostate cancer continue to rise, the number of men needing help and support to assist them in coping with disease and treatment-related symptoms and their psychosocial effects is likely to increase. OBJECTIVES To evaluate the effectiveness of psychosocial interventions for men with prostate cancer in(More)
PURPOSE We assessed the methodological and reporting quality of randomized, controlled trials of stone disease management and determined whether the reporting quality of randomized, controlled trials improved with time. MATERIALS AND METHODS We systematically searched the literature for randomized, controlled trials of urolithiasis treatment. We developed(More)
Current evidence-based clinical practice guidelines identify surgical resection as the recommended treatment of small renal masses. Ablative approaches such as laparoscopic and percutaneous cryoablation and radiofrequency ablation offer the promise of complete tumour destruction by a less-invasive approach with regard to outcomes such as anaesthesia(More)