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The identification of mutations in the Tau gene in frontotemporal dementia and parkinsonism linked to chromosome 17 (FTDP-17) has made it possible to express human tau protein with pathogenic mutations in transgenic animals. Here we report on the production and characterization of a line of mice transgenic for the 383 aa isoform of human tau with the P301S(More)
Synaptotagmins are membrane proteins that possess tandem C2 domains and play an important role in regulated membrane fusion in metazoan organisms. Here we show that both synaptotagmins I and II, the two major neuronal isoforms, can interact with the syntaxin/synaptosomal-associated protein of 25 kDa (SNAP-25) dimer, the immediate precursor of the soluble(More)
BACKGROUND Synaptotagmins exist as a large gene family in mammals. There is much interest in the function of certain family members which act crucially in the regulated synaptic vesicle exocytosis required for efficient neurotransmission. Knowledge of the functions of other family members is relatively poor and the presence of Synaptotagmin genes in plants(More)
Large scale DNA sequencing projects require gel readers with high throughput and good base-calling accuracy with as little manual intervention as possible. The automatic sequencing machines now available meet these requirements quite well, indeed, a single ABI 373A machine can read at least around 500 samples/200 000 nt per week. Thus, a full-time(More)
Regulated Ca(2+)-dependent release of transmitters from synaptic vesicles is an important characteristic of chemical neurotransmission. Synaptotagmins are abundant synaptic vesicle transmembrane proteins that probably function as Ca2+ sensors. Molecular cloning has identified four different synaptotagmin isoforms in mammals. We report here the cloning and(More)
Intracellular membrane traffic is governed by a conserved set of proteins, including Syts (synaptotagmins). The mammalian Syt family includes 15 isoforms. Syts are membrane proteins that possess tandem C2 domains (C2AB) implicated in calcium-dependent phospholipid binding. We performed a pair-wise amino acid sequence comparison, together with functional(More)
Filamentous tau deposits are a defining feature of a number of human neurodegenerative diseases. Apes and monkeys have been reported to be differentially susceptible to developing tau pathology. Despite this, only little is known about the organisation and sequence of Tau from nonhuman primates. Here we have sequenced Tau exons 1-13, including flanking(More)
The synaptotagmin gene family currently includes 12 members. Analysis of the three known genomic synaptotagmin sequences reveals conserved exon-intron patterns which delineate the synaptotagmin structural domains. We used expressed sequence tag, reverse transcription PCR and RNAse protection assay analysis of synaptotagmin messenger RNAs to demonstrate the(More)
The DNA sequences of genomes from G + C-rich and A + T-rich lymphotropic herpesviruses [i.e. gammaherpesviruses; Epstein-Barr virus and herpesvirus saimiri (HVS)] are deficient in CpG dinucleotides and contain an excess of TpG and CpA dinucleotides relative to frequencies predicted from their mononucleotide compositions. In contrast, for sequences from(More)
BACKGROUND Synaptotagmin genes are found in animal genomes and are known to function in the nervous system. Genes with a similar domain architecture as well as sequence similarity to synaptotagmin C2 domains have also been found in plant genomes. The plant genes share an additional region of sequence similarity with a group of animal genes named FAM62.(More)