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Twenty women with stress urinary incontinence diagnosed by urodynamic testing participated in a 6-week pelvic muscle exercise program. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the exercise program, with or without an intravaginal balloon, on urinary leakage as determined by a 30-minute and a 24-hour pad test. Relative strength of the pelvic(More)
The purpose of this research was to determine the effect of pelvic muscle exercise (PME) on stress urinary incontinence in middle-aged and elderly women. The protocol required 16 weeks of exercise three times per week, for a total of 48 sessions. Measures were taken at baseline, after a 4-week control period and after 4, 8, 12 and 16 weeks of PME,(More)
Urinary incontinence (UI) is a commonly underreported and underdiagnosed condition. The purpose of this trial was to implement and evaluate behavioral management for continence (BMC), an intervention to manage symptoms of UI with older rural women in their homes. Participants were randomized into BMC or a control group, and 178 were followed for between 6(More)
Approximately 20% of women ages 25-64 years experience urinary incontinence. The symptoms increase during perimenopause, when 31% of women report that they experience incontinent episodes at least once per month. Bladder training and pelvic muscle exercise are the recommended initial treatment and can be taught effectively in the ambulatory care setting.(More)
BACKGROUND Diastolic heart failure (DHF) is common in older women. There have been no clinical trials that have identified therapies to improve symptoms in these patients. A total of 32 women with New York Heart Association class II and III DHF (left ventricular ejection fraction >45% and symptoms of dyspnea or fatigue) were randomized into a 12-week(More)
AIM This paper is a report of a study to assess the beliefs and preferences of reviewers for nursing journals about blinding of authors to reviewers, reviewers to authors, neither or both. BACKGROUND Blinding of author and reviewer names in the manuscript review process has been of interest to nursing editors, but reports that are based on data rather(More)
CONTEXT Every social group shares beliefs about health and illness. Knowledge and understanding of these health beliefs are essential for education programs to address health promotion and illness prevention. PURPOSE This analysis describes the diabetes Explanatory Models of Illness (EMs) of low-income, rural, white Southerners who have not been diagnosed(More)
AIM To assess the efficacy of self-monitoring techniques to reduce urine loss and increase quality of life for women with urinary incontinence. METHODS The design was a two arm, randomized, clinical trial with a wait list control group and 3-week intervention. Participants were 224 community-dwelling women 18 and older with UI. Self-monitoring was(More)
Postmenopausal women receiving estrogen replacement therapy (ERT) are not as prone to inappropriate venous and arterial thrombosis as are younger women taking oral contraceptives. To establish whether menopausal status per se has any effect on the coagulation-fibrinolytic system normal premenopausal women (mean age 29 years) were compared with younger (mean(More)
The lipid and lipoprotein profiles of 20 post-menopausal women treated with cyclic conjugated oestrogens (0.625 or 1.25 mg) and medroxyprogesterone acetate (10 mg for 7 days) were compared to those of 18 untreated women of similar age and menopausal status. No statistically significant between-group differences were observed during the 18-mth period for(More)