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Recent publications describing the results of the Women's Health Initiative (WHI) and other studies reporting the impact of hormone therapy on aging women have spurred reexamination of the broad use of estrogens and progestins during the postmenopausal years. Here, we review the complex pharmacology of these hormones, the diverse and sometimes opposite(More)
The identification of gonadal gonadotropin-releasing hormone receptors (GnRH-R) and evidence of direct inhibitory effects of GnRH agonists upon steroidogenesis in adult rat gonads, lend credence to a putative intragonadal role of a locally secreted GnRH or GnRH-like peptide. Using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction followed by Southern blot(More)
The expression pattern of the GnRH receptor was investigated in a variety of normal and neoplastic human tissues by RT-PCR-Southern blotting. In addition to the full-length cDNA (sb1), we identified two other transcripts: the first (sb2) was characterized by a 128 bp deletion as previously described; the second was an unexpected finding composed of a(More)
Background: We evaluated brief combination interventions to simultaneously reduce sexual and injection risks among female sex workers who inject drugs (FSW-IDUs) in Tijuana (TJ) and Ciudad Juarez (CJ) Mexico during 2008-2010, when harm reduction was expanding in TJ, but not CJ. Methods: FSW-IDUs ]18 years reporting recently sharing injection equipment and(More)
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