Molly B. Schmid

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A temperature-sensitive lethal mutant of Staphylococcus aureus was found to harbor a mutation in the uncharacterized two-component histidine kinase (HK)-response regulator (RR) pair encoded by yycFG; orthologues of yycFG could be identified in the genomes of Bacillus subtilis and other gram-positive bacteria. Sequence analysis of the mutant revealed a point(More)
Directed translocation of an expressed gene (hisD) provided strains to test for position effects on gene expression in Salmonella typhimurium. The predominant position effect seems to be caused by the gene dosage of a chromosomal site; the orientation of the translocated genes did not affect expression, and no deviant positions were found.
Promoters located within the Tn10 insertion element cause transcription of "host" sequences adjacent to both ends of the inserted Tn10 element. These promoters are usually not observed in genetic experiments because their transcripts are efficiently terminated at nearby rho-dependent termination sites. The observations presented here provide an explanation(More)
Mutants in bacterial topoisomerase (topo) IV are deficient in chromosomal partitioning. To investigate the basis of this phenotype, we examined plasmid DNA topology in conditionally lethal topo IV mutants. We found that dimeric catenated plasmids accumulated in vivo after topo IV inhibition. The catenanes were supercoiled, contained from 2 to > 32 nodes,(More)
We used DNA microarrays of the Escherichia coli genome to trace the progression of chromosomal replication forks in synchronized cells. We found that both DNA gyrase and topoisomerase IV (topo IV) promote replication fork progression. When both enzymes were inhibited, the replication fork stopped rapidly. The elongation rate with topo IV alone was 1/3 of(More)
A temperature-sensitive (ts) mutant of Salmonella typhimurium that accumulated unmodified murein prolipoprotein at 42 degrees C but not at 30 degrees C was identified. In vivo and in vitro studies of the biosynthesis of Braun's lipoprotein revealed that this mutant (SE5221) was defective in the glyceryl modification of prolipoprotein. The ts mutation was(More)
A Staphylococcus aureus mutant conditionally defective in DNA ligase was identified by isolation of complementing plasmid clones that encode the S. aureus ligA gene. Orthologues of the putative S. aureus NAD(+)-dependent DNA ligase could be identified in the genomes of Bacillus stearothermophilus and other gram-positive bacteria and confirmed the presence(More)
Gene products required for in vivo growth and survival of microbial pathogens comprise a unique functional class and may represent new targets for antimicrobial chemotherapy, vaccine construction, or diagnostics. Although some factors governing Staphylococcus aureus pathogenicity have been identified and studied, a comprehensive genomic analysis of(More)
On screening 440 temperature-sensitive (ts) mutants of Salmonella typhimurium, a mutant strain SE5312 which accumulated apolipoprotein (ALP) at 42 degrees C was identified. In vitro assay of apolipoprotein N-acyltransferase activity indicated that the mutant cell envelope contained reduced activity as compared to the wild-type strain. Transduction with a(More)