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Although cell culture studies have implicated the presence of vesicle proteins in mediating the release of glutamate from astrocytes, definitive proof requires the identification of the glutamate release mechanism and the localization of this mechanism in astrocytes at synaptic locales. In cultured murine astrocytes we show an array of vesicle proteins,(More)
Astrocytes, a subtype of glial cells, have numerous characteristics that were previously considered exclusive for neurons. One of these characteristics is a cytosolic [Ca2+] oscillation that controls the release of the chemical transmitter glutamate and atrial natriuretic peptide. These chemical messengers appear to be released from astrocytes via(More)
Astrocytes are non-neuronal cells in the CNS, which, like neurons, are capable of releasing neuroactive molecules. However, the mechanism of release is ill defined. In this study, we investigated the mechanism of release of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) from cultured cortical astrocytes by confocal microscopy. To study the discharge of this hormone, we(More)
6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) lesion of the substantia nigra (SN) causes the appearance of reactive astrocytes not only in the SN but also in the striatal terminal fields, as measured by increased size of the cells and their processes, as well as enhanced expression of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) and an epitope recognized by monoclonal antibody(More)
Although serotonin regulates synthesis of the neurotrophic factor S-100 beta by astrocytes, its ability to affect nerve growth factor (NGF) synthesis has never been examined. We report here that there is a correlation between the effect of serotonin on cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) content and on NGF content in neonatal astrocytes but not in adult(More)
Recent identification of intracellular proteins that bind ammodytoxin (calmodulin, 14-3-3 proteins, and R25) suggests that this snake venom presynaptically active phospholipase A(2) acts intracellularly. As these ammodytoxin acceptors are cytosolic and mitochondrial proteins, the toxin should be able to enter the cytosol of a target cell and remain stable(More)
30 patients with moderate diabetic polyneuropathy (Stage 2 according to Dyck) were evaluated for autonomic symptoms, sympathetic skin response (SSR) and Valsalva index. Their SSR were compared to a control group of 30 healthy normal subjects. Neuropathy was confirmed by history, clinical examination and nerve conduction measurements. Although our patients(More)
has followed the strict standards of quality in the scientific publishing. However, the Journal has been aware that its specific position demands more than just following the already established rules. From the very beginning, the Journal declared an " author-helpful policy, " stating that " journal editors should have a major role in training authors in(More)
Histaminergic signalling constitutes an attractive target for treatment of neuropsychiatric disorders. One obstacle to developing new pharmacological options has been failure to identify putative specific histamine transporter responsible for histamine clearance. Although high-affinity histamine uptake was detected in neonatal cortical astrocytes, its(More)