Mojca Kržan

Learn More
Although cell culture studies have implicated the presence of vesicle proteins in mediating the release of glutamate from astrocytes, definitive proof requires the identification of the glutamate release mechanism and the localization of this mechanism in astrocytes at synaptic locales. In cultured murine astrocytes we show an array of vesicle proteins,(More)
Astrocytes, a subtype of glial cells, have numerous characteristics that were previously considered exclusive for neurons. One of these characteristics is a cytosolic [Ca2+] oscillation that controls the release of the chemical transmitter glutamate and atrial natriuretic peptide. These chemical messengers appear to be released from astrocytes via(More)
Astrocytes are non-neuronal cells in the CNS, which, like neurons, are capable of releasing neuroactive molecules. However, the mechanism of release is ill defined. In this study, we investigated the mechanism of release of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) from cultured cortical astrocytes by confocal microscopy. To study the discharge of this hormone, we(More)
It was recently shown that the plasma protein-mediated attractive interaction between phospholipid membranes could in the budding process cause adhesion of the bud to the mother membrane [J. Urbanija, N. Tomsic, M. Lokar, A. Ambrozic, S. Cucnik, M. Kanduser, B. Rozman, A. Iglic, V. Kralj-Iglic, Coalescence of phospholipid membranes as a possible origin of(More)
BACKGROUND The present study aimed to evaluate the antitumor effectiveness of systemic interleukin (IL)-12 gene therapy in murine sarcoma models, and to evaluate its interaction with the irradiation of tumors and metastases. To avoid toxic side-effects of IL-12 gene therapy, the objective was to achieve the controlled release of IL-12 after intramuscular(More)
Cancer immuno-gene therapy is an introduction of nucleic acids encoding immunostimulatory proteins, such as cytokine interleukin 12 (IL-12), into somatic cells to stimulate an immune response against a tumor. Various methods can be used for the introduction of nucleic acids into cells; magnetofection involves binding of nucleic acids to magnetic(More)
Microvesicles (MVs) found in peripheral blood are derived from the budding of cell membranes and are associated with a higher risk of thrombosis. Recently, a hypothesis has been suggested that certain plasma proteins could suppress microvesiculation by mediating adhesion of the buds to the mother cell membrane. In a pilot study, we have tested this(More)
Astrocytes have a key role in the clearance and inactivation of histamine in the adult central nervous system, but transporters which mediate histamine uptake into astrocytes have not been fully characterized. We therefore investigated the kinetic and molecular characteristics of histamine uptake into cultured adult rat astrocytes. [(3)H]-histamine was(More)
Heparins (unfractionated and low molecular weight (LMWH) heparins) primarily used as anticoagulants, were found to be effective also in slowing down the development of some types of cancer. On the other hand, the number of microvesicles in the peripheral blood originating from the budding of cell membranes (mostly platelets) is increased in hypercoagulabile(More)
Astrocytes support the brain through numerous functional interactions in health and disease. The recent advances in our knowledge of astrocyte involvement in various neurological disorders raised up several questions about their role and functioning in the central nervous system. From the evidence discussed in this review, we show that histamine importantly(More)