Mojca Benčina

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A large number of Ca2+ -signaling proteins have been previously identified and characterized in Saccharomyces cerevisiae but relatively few have been discovered in filamentous fungi. In this study, a detailed, comparative genomic analysis of Ca2+ -signaling proteins in Neurospora crassa, Magnaporthe grisea, and S. cerevisiae has been made. Our BLAST(More)
Endosomal TLRs play an important role in innate immune response as well as in autoimmune processes. In the therapy of systemic lupus erythematosus, antimalarial drugs chloroquine, hydroxychloroquine, and quinacrine have been used for a long time. Their suppression of endosomal TLR activation has been attributed to the inhibition of endosomal acidification,(More)
In Aspergillus niger cells spontaneous posttranslational modification of 6-phosphofructo-1-kinase (PFK1) occurs. In a two step process the native enzyme (85kDa) is first cleaved to an inactive fragment (49kDa) that regains its activity after phosphorylation of the protein. The shorter PFK1 fragment exhibits changed kinetics, such as resistance to citrate(More)
The antifungal protein AFPNN5353 is a defensin-like protein of Aspergillus giganteus. It belongs to a group of secretory proteins with low molecular mass, cationic character and a high content of cysteine residues. The protein inhibits the germination and growth of filamentous ascomycetes, including important human and plant pathogens and the model(More)
We have used widefield photon-counting FLIM to study FRET in fixed and living cells using control FRET pairs. We have studied fixed mammalian cells expressing either cyan fluorescent protein (CFP) or a fusion of CFP and yellow fluorescent protein (YFP), and living fungal cells expressing either Cerulean or a Cerulean-Venus fusion protein. We have found the(More)
Synthetic scaffolds that permit spatial and temporal organization of enzymes in living cells are a promising post-translational strategy for controlling the flow of information in both metabolic and signaling pathways. Here, we describe the use of plasmid DNA as a stable, robust and configurable scaffold for arranging biosynthetic enzymes in the cytoplasm(More)
Aspergillus terreus is successfully used for industrial production of itaconic acid. The acid is formed from cis-aconitate, an intermediate of the tricarboxylic (TCA) cycle, by catalytic action of cis-aconitate decarboxylase. It could be assumed that strong anaplerotic reactions that replenish the pool of the TCA cycle intermediates would enhance the(More)
We show that substrate specificity of Toll-like receptor 3 (TLR3) is due to the presence of two binding sites in the ectodomain, separated by 50 A. This corresponds to two turns of a double-stranded RNA duplex, allowing differentiation between nucleic acids in the A- or B-type conformation. We propose that there are different arrangements of TLR3(More)
Stefin B (cystatin B) is an endogenous inhibitor of cysteine proteinases localized in the nucleus and the cytosol. Loss-of-function mutations in the stefin B gene (CSTB) gene were reported in patients with Unverricht-Lundborg disease (EPM1). We have identified an interaction between stefin B and nucleosomes, specifically with histones H2A.Z, H2B, and H3. In(More)
The change from pentose phosphate pathway to glycolysis plays a significant role in the physiology of Aspergillus niger during the induction of citric acid accumulation. Evidence is shown for the importance of 6-phosphofructo-1-kinase in this process since it is activated by phosphorylation. By incubating a purified active form of the enzyme together with(More)