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BACKGROUND A timely detection of outbreaks through surveillance is needed in order to prevent future pandemics. However, current surveillance systems may not be prepared to accomplish this goal, especially in resource limited settings. As data quality and timeliness are attributes that improve outbreak detection capacity, we assessed the effect of two(More)
OBJECTIVE To characterize the epidemiology and transmitted drug resistance mutation (TDRM) patterns among individuals with newly diagnosed HIV-1 infection seen at Henry Ford Hospital in Detroit from 2006 to 2008. METHODS This was a retrospective analysis of medical records from individuals aged ≥ 18 years with a new diagnosis of HIV-1 infection.(More)
BACKGROUND Isoniazid and rifampicin are the two most efficacious first-line agents for tuberculosis (TB) treatment. We assessed the prevalence of isoniazid and rifampicin mono-resistance, associated risk factors, and the association of mono-resistance on treatment outcomes. METHODS A prospective, observational cohort study enrolled adults with a first(More)
OBJECTIVE 25-Hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] levels after recovery from tuberculosis (TB) may reflect pre-morbid levels and therefore provide insight into pathogenesis. We assessed 25(OH)D levels after recovery from TB disease, and compared to levels in persons without TB disease. METHODS Case-control study. Cases were persons who had recovered from(More)
Liver transplantation using blood culture positive donors (BCPD) has allowed a significant expansion of the donor pool. We aimed to characterize BCPD and assess the outcomes of BCPD liver transplant recipients. We retrieved data from the United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS) registry on all adults who underwent primary, single-organ deceased-donor liver(More)
Transplant recipients are at increased risk of tuberculosis (TB). We describe a case of pulmonary and vertebral multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB) in a kidney transplant patient who required neurosurgical intervention and unfortunately developed fatal nosocomial complications. Thirteen transplant recipients with MDR-TB were previously reported in the(More)
BACKGROUND No study has assessed the ability of pneumonia severity scores to identify the risk for early intensive care unit (ICU) transfer in patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) admitted to general wards (GW). We aimed to compare the ability of CURB-65 (confusion, urea level, respiratory rate, blood pressure, and age ≥65 years) and SMRT-CO(More)