Moisés Alvarez

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The purification and characterization of triose-phosphate isomerase from the psychrophilic bacterium Vibrio marinus (vTIM) is described. Crystal structures of the vTIM-sulfate complex and the vTIM-2-phosphoglycolate complex (at a 2.7-A resolution) are also presented. The optimal growth temperature of Vibrio marinus is 15 degrees C. Stability studies show(More)
Neutrophils are mobilized to the vascular wall during vessel inflammation. Published data are conflicting on phagocytic nicotinamide-adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase activation during the hypertensive state, and the capacity of angiotensin II (Ang II) to modulate the intracellular redox status has not been analyzed in neutrophils. We here(More)
In a Hungarian family with severe decrease in triosephosphate isomerase (TPI) activity, 2 germ line-identical but phenotypically differing compound heterozygote brothers inherited 2 independent (Phe240Leu and Glu145stop codon) mutations. The kinetic, thermodynamic, and associative properties of the recombinant human wild-type and Phe240Leu mutant enzymes(More)
The molecular mechanisms that evolution has been employing to adapt to environmental temperatures are poorly understood. To gain some further insight into this subject we solved the crystal structure of triosephosphate isomerase (TIM) from the hyperthermophilic bacterium Thermotoga maritima (TmTIM). The enzyme is a tetramer, assembled as a dimer of dimers,(More)
The thermophilic triose-phosphate isomerases (TIMs) of Bacillus stearothermophilus (bTIM) and Thermotoga maritima (tTIM) have been found to possess a His12-Lys13 pair instead of the Asn12-Gly13 pair normally present in mesophilic TIMs. His12 in bTIM was proposed to prevent deamidation at high temperature, while the precise role of Lys13 is unknown. To(More)
This report focuses on the modulatory role of endogenous H(2)O(2) on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)/interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma)-induced inducible nitric oxide synthase (NOS2) gene expression in rat peritoneal macrophages. Exogenously added H(2)O(2) was initially found to inhibit the synthesis of NOS2, which prompted us to assess the effect of the activity of(More)
It has been demonstrated that neutrophils are responsible for the release of large amounts of the inflammatory chemokine interleukin-8 (IL-8), associated with inflammation. To further define the mechanisms implicated, we have analyzed the response of human neutrophils from allergic patients to specific antigens or challenge with anti-immunoglobulin (Ig)E(More)
The mechanisms underlying the bactericidal power of fluoroquinolones against intracellular parasites in host macrophages remain poorly understood. We have analyzed the effect of norfloxacin, a fluoroquinolone antibiotic, on the production of reactive oxygen intermediates (O(2)(*-) and H(2)O(2)) and NADPH oxidase activity in mouse macrophages. The generation(More)
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