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BACKGROUND Depression is more frequent in socioeconomically disadvantaged than affluent neighbourhoods, but this association may be due to confounding. This study aimed to determine the independent association between socioeconomic disadvantage and depression. METHODS We recruited 21,417 older adults via their general practitioners (GPs) and used the(More)
BACKGROUND This study aimed to determine: (1) the prevalence of depression, anxiety, and depression associated with anxiety (DA); (2) the risk factor profile of depression, anxiety, and DA; (3) the course of depression, anxiety, and DA over 24 months. METHODS Two-year longitudinal study of 20,036 adults aged 60+ years. We used the Patient Health(More)
BACKGROUND Recruiting and retaining GPs for research can prove difficult, and may result in sub-optimal patient participation where GPs are required to recruit patients. Low participation rates may affect the validity of research. This paper describes a multi-faceted approach to maximise participation of GPs and their patients in intervention studies, using(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the efficacy of a home-based exercise programme added to usual medical care for the treatment of depression. DESIGN Prospective, two group parallel, randomised controlled study. SETTING Community-based. PATIENTS 200 adults aged 50 years or older deemed to be currently suffering from a clinical depressive illness and under the(More)
BACKGROUND Benzodiazepine dependency can occur as a result of treatment for anxiety disorders or sleep disturbance. While benzodiazepine withdrawal can be challenging, cessation of use can be even more difficult if there are other comorbidities such as oestrogen deficiency with vasomotor symptoms and anxiety disorders. OBJECTIVE This article provides(More)
BACKGROUND Thoughts about death and self-harm in old age have been commonly associated with the presence of depression, but other risk factors may also be important. AIMS To determine the independent association between suicidal ideation in later life and demographic, lifestyle, socioeconomic, psychiatric and medical factors. METHOD A cross-sectional(More)
PURPOSE We wanted to determine whether an educational intervention targeting general practitioners reduces the 2-year prevalence of depression and self-harm behavior among their older patients. METHODS Our study was a cluster randomized controlled trial conducted between July 2005 and June 2008. We recruited 373 Australian general practitioners and 21,762(More)
OBJECTIVE To obtain information on the experiences of general practice (GP) trainees during their first general practice (GP) attachment. DESIGN Critical incident technique--a qualitative analysis of open-ended interviews about incidents which describe competent or poor professional practice. SUBJECTS Thirty-nine Western Australian doctors from the(More)
BACKGROUND Baby Think It Over is a health program that provides Perth adolescents in metropolitan schools with a 'virtual' parenting experience using an infant simulation program. Baby Think It Over seeks to modify attitudes toward teen pregnancy and parenting and to delay pregnancy until the participants have a better understanding of the demands and(More)