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Long-term changes in brain gene expression have been identified in alcohol dependence, but underlying mechanisms remain unknown. Here, we examined the potential role of microRNAs (miRNAs) for persistent gene expression changes in the rat medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) after a history of alcohol dependence. Two-bottle free-choice alcohol consumption(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate inadequate hemodialysis risk in patients with body weights in the upper quartile of a sample distribution using the urea reduction ratio (URR). Using a case-control design and a simple random sample (n = 315) of hemodialysis (HD) patients, postdialysis weights were divided into quartiles based with a cut-off value(More)
This study identifies factors that are associated with the risk of access thrombosis in 267 new hemodialysis patients. There are few longitudinal studies evaluating the risk of access thrombosis despite the need for long-term use of the access for maintenance hemodialysis. We used a prospective design following patients from 26 providers in Renal Network(More)
End Stage Renal Disease Network 12 regularly collects information describing the Medicare dialysis population within its boundaries (Iowa, Nebraska, Missouri, and Kansas). Hoping to foster a regional quality improvement program, Network 12 began calculating provider specific mortality rates in 1988. These rates were extremely variable, but small dialysis(More)
Objective determination of spermatogenesis has been accomplished by quantitative testicular biopsy, which, although laborious, has served as the standard for spermatogenic assessment. Aspiration deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) flow cytometry of the testis, however, has simplified this determination, and has correlated with indirect hormonal parameters of(More)
INTRODUCTION Academic emergency department (ED) handoffs are high-risk transfer of care events. Emergency medicine residents are inadequately trained to handle these vital transitions. We aimed to explore what modifications the I-PASS (illness severity, patient summary, action list, situation awareness and contingency plans, and synthesis by receiver)(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to compare clinical profiles and mortality risk of patients starting renal replacement therapy (RRT) across three Quetelet body mass index (BMI) classifications: lean, normal, and obese. SAMPLE/SETTING All patients applying for dialysis services using Health Care Financing Administration (HCFA) from 2728-U4 were(More)
Children with severe disability often have difficulties with secretion clearance leading to recurrent lower respiratory tract infections and prolonged hospital admissions. A community respiratory physiotherapy service was developed for this client group, including a rapid response for acute respiratory illness, and an evaluation was undertaken, comparing(More)