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Human carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), a widely used tumor marker, is a member of a family of cell surface glycoproteins that are overexpressed in many carcinomas. CEA has been shown to function in vitro as a homotypic intercellular adhesion molecule. This correlation of overproduction of an adhesion molecule with neoplastic transformation provoked a test of(More)
Fas/Fas ligand (FasL) system is one of the key apoptotic signaling entities in the extrinsic apoptotic pathway. De-regulation of this pathway, i.e. by mutations may prevent the immune system from the removal of newly-formed tumor cells, and thus lead to tumor formation. The present study investigated the association between -1377 G/A (rs2234767) and -670(More)
BACKGROUND Genetic and environmental factors are important for the development of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Adiponectin is a white and brown adipose tissue hormone, and have been found to play essential roles in the regulation of energy homoeostasis. Recent reports have identified a possible role of adiponectin in NAFLD via PPARγ pathway. (More)
Tuberculosis (TB) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. IRGM1 is an important protein in the innate immune response against intracellular pathogens by regulating autophagy. Polymorphisms in the IRGM genes are known to influence expression levels and may be associated with outcome of infections. This case-control study was done on 150(More)
The present study was aimed to investigate the possible association between 19-base pair (bp) deletion polymorphism of the DHFR gene (rs70991108), null genotype of UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B17 (UGT2B17) as well as the expression level of nasopharyngeal carcinoma-associated gene 6 (NGX6) with the risk of breast cancer. This case–control study was done on(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs), a class of non-coding RNAs, bind to the 3′ untranslated regions (UTRs) of mRNAs, where they interfere with translation of genes and are implicated in the pathogenesis of diverse diseases. In the present study, we evaluate the impact of rs16917496 polymorphism within the miR-502 miRNA seed region at the 3′UTR of SEDT8 on childhood acute(More)
INTRODUCTION Osteoprotegerin (OPG), a soluble decoy receptor secreted by osteoblasts, binds RANK-L, preventing stimulation of osteoclastogenesis. In the present study we aimed to investigate the impact of OPG variants and susceptibility to childhood acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) in a sample of Iranian population. METHODS This case-control study was(More)
BACKGROUND MDM2 (Murine Double Minute2) is an oncoprotein that inhibits the P53 activity. Overexpression of MDM2 gene has been reported in several human tumors. In the present study, we aimed to evaluate the impact of 40-bp insertion/deletion (ins/del) polymorphism on the promoter of MDM2 and susceptibility to breast cancer in a sample of Iranian(More)
A major problem in the treatment of breast cancer is the development of resistance to chemotherapeutic agents. Although the role of multidrug resistance 1 (MDR1) and multidrug resistance associated protein 1 (MRP1) in inducing drug resistance in many cancers has been widely investigated the clinical significance of expression of these genes in breast cancer(More)