Mohsen A. Hedaya

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The effects of the beta-adrenergic antagonist propranolol on the locomotor stimulating, neurochemical, and reinforcing effects of cocaine were examined in rats. In Experiment 1, propranolol (1, 3 and 10 mg/kg, IP) produced a dose-dependent increase in the motor stimulant effects of cocaine without affecting basal motor activity. Atenolol, a peripherally(More)
An animal model suitable for pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic investigations is described. This model allows drug administration via different routes, serial blood sampling, serial brain ECF sampling, and monitoring the cardiovascular functions without touching the animal. This rat model was utilized to study the relationship between cocaine pharmacokinetics(More)
We investigated the effect of intravenous alcohol coadministration on the pharmacokinetics of cocaine in awake, freely moving rats using the microdialysis technique. Alcohol coadministration resulted in faster rate of cocaine absorption after intraperitoneal administration leading to higher cocaine plasma concentration. The higher plasma cocaine(More)
The kinetics of zidovudine (AZT) distribution into rabbit cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) were studied during continuous infusion of AZT and after iv bolus administration. The CSF/plasma steady-state AZT concentration ratio was 0.192 ± 0.003. That this ratio is less than unity, and the clearance from the CSF due to bulk flow is much smaller than the total(More)
The effect of probenecid on the disposition of AZT was investigated in a pilot study in two healthy volunteers. The pharmacokinetics of AZT were examined after a single oral dose of 200 mg with and without probenecid coadministration in a balanced crossover study. Administration of 500 mg probenecid every 6 hr prior to and during AZT dosing resulted in an(More)
The effect of probenecid on the renal excretion of zidovudine (3'-azido-3'-deoxythymidine; AZT) and its distribution into CSF was studied in the rabbit. Although probenecid is chemically unrelated to AZT, it has been shown that probenecid inhibits AZT elimination in Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) patients. The effect of probenecid on the renal(More)
This experiment was designed to investigate the effect of pretreatment with cocaine and alcohol on cocaine pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics. Four groups of rats (n = 8 per group) received one of the following pretreatments for two weeks: none, alcohol (10% v/v in drinking water), cocaine (15 mg/kg/day ip), and alcohol+cocaine (10% v/v in drinking water(More)
BACKGROUND Co-administration of valsartan (VAL) and hydrochlorothiazide (HCT) has been used to regulate blood pressure. Compliance with a multiple medication regimen can be difficult for some patients; therefore, a combination of VAL + HCT tablets may be a suitable alternative. OBJECTIVE This study was conducted to compare the rate and extent of(More)
The pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of cocaine and its three metabolites, benzoylecgonine, norcocaine, and cocaethylene, were investigated in awake, freely moving rats. This work was performed to examine the effect of alcohol coadministration on the metabolic profile of cocaine and to determine the contribution of cocaine metabolites to the(More)
The interaction between cocaine (COC) and ethyl alcohol (ALC) was investigated in ALC-naive and ALC-pretreated rats. In each group, COC (30 mg/kg ip) was administered 15 min after administration of ALC (3 g/kg, by gavage) or normal saline (NS), in a balanced cross-over experimental design. Cocaethylene (CE) was detected only in the rat plasma when ALC was(More)