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OBJECTIVE Renin-angiotensin system gene polymorphisms are associated with essential hypertension; angiotensinogen gene variants are considered potential genetic risk factors. The aim of this study was to investigate the contribution of the G-6A, T174M, M235T polymorphisms, genotypic interactions, and haplotypes toward essential hypertension. METHODS In a(More)
BACKGROUND Phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors produce a significant decrease in pulmonary vascular resistance in patients with idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension. We studied the effects of tadalafil, a phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitor, on short-term hemodynamics, tolerability, and efficacy over a 12-week period in patients of Eisenmenger syndrome having a(More)
Nitric oxide (NO), a potent vasodilator, plays a pivotal role in blood pressure regulation. Endothelial NO synthase gene (NOS3) polymorphisms influence NO levels. Here, we investigated the role of the -922A/G, -786T/C, 4b/4a, and 894G/T polymorphisms of the NOS3 and NO(x) levels in 800 consecutive unrelated subjects comprising 455 patients of essential(More)
OBJECTIVES Aldosterone synthase produces aldosterone, which regulates electrolytes and thereby blood pressure. Polymorphisms in aldosterone-synthase gene (CYP11B2) may associate with heterogeneous aldosterone production and hypertension. Hence, we investigated -344T/C, Iw/Ic polymorphisms of CYP11B2, plasma renin activity (PRA) and aldosterone concentration(More)
BACKGROUND Studies on genes of endothelial and vascular homeostasis are inadequate in females. METHODS We investigated the role of 7 variants of ACE, AGT and NOS3 and their correlation with NO(x) levels and ACE activity in hypertension susceptibility in 910 case-controls of both genders. RESULTS Prevalence of alleles D of ACE I/D; -6A of AGT -6G/A;(More)
Management of obesity-associated comorbidities costs about $60 billion/year, about 5% of total US healthcare expenditure. Bariatric surgery is the only proven effective weight loss therapy for severely obese patients with a BMI > or =35 kg/m2. Bariatric surgery produces long-term weight loss, improves quality of life, and reduces the number of sick days and(More)
In this report, we present 34 patients in whom surgical intervention was undertaken for severe mitral insufficiency due to mitral valve prolapse (MVP). Location and severity of MVP and regurgitation were assessed preoperatively by live/real time three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography and closely agreed with the surgical findings.
INTRODUCTION Chronological age, dental development, height and weight measurements, sexual maturation characteristics and skeletal age are some biological indicators that have been used to identify time of growth. Many researchers have agreed that skeletal maturity is closely related to the craniofacial growth, and bones of hand and wrist are reliable(More)
PURPOSE To develop a methodology to estimate the comparative cost of physician time in treating patients with localized prostate cancer, using as an example two-dimensional (2D) vs. three-dimensional (3D) conformal irradiation techniques, and to illustrate how current cost-accounting techniques can be used to quantify the cost of physician time and effort(More)