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Although the myocardial phospholipid and fatty acid content have profound effects on the heart function, very little information is available on the effects of restricted maternal protein intake during pregnancy on the phospholipid profile and fatty acid content of the developing heart. The present study was therefore undertaken to examine the effect of(More)
BACKGROUND Mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) are involved in the regulation of various cellular responses including cell proliferation, differentiation and survival. Although MAPKs are activated by MAPK kinase and inactivated by phosphatases, different types of MAPKs, including extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERK1 and 2), c-jun N-terminal(More)
Kainic acid is known to stimulate the release of glutamate (GLU) and aspartate (ASP) from presynaptic neurons. It has been suggested that the enhanced release of these endogenous EAA's plays a significant role in the excitotoxic effects of KA. Domoic acid (DOM), a shellfish toxin, is structurally similar to KA, and has been shown to be 3-8 times more toxic(More)
Monitoring of eastern blue mussels (Mytilus edulis), contaminated with domoic acid, involved mouse bioassays and quantitative analysis using HPLC. Mice undergo a typical scratching syndrome at sublethal as well as lethal doses of domoic acid. The onset of scratching behaviour and time of death in mice were inversely related to the dosage of domoic acid. An(More)
Factors regulating the release of phosphatidylcholine (PC) from neonatal-rat lungs were investigated. The results show that the release of prelabelled PC from the newborn-rat lung was augmented by air ventilation at the onset of breathing. This response was mimicked in lungs of pups delivered 1 day before term and allowed to breathe for different time(More)
Domoic acid is a shellfish toxin which produces neurodegeneration and CNS dysfunction, notably a loss of short-term memory. This toxin was found in blue mussels (Mytilus edulis) cultivated in river water in the east coast of Prince Edward Island in Canada and caused human poisoning. The toxin was localized in the stomach of blue mussels, which was engorged(More)
Early weaning of rat pups on day 16 to semi-ground Purina chow food and drinking water, ad libitum, delayed growth of body and lungs, and the appearance of adenylate cyclase activator (ACA) in lung after day 22. However, early weaning of pups to either milk or a gel diet containing semi-ground Purina chow food, agarose gel, water (30:1:69, w/w), and(More)
Domoic acid was the primary neurotoxin in blue mussel (Mytilus edulis) that caused poisoning in humans. Further research showed that the algae, Nitzschia pungens, was the source of this toxin. In this study, a method for the extraction and purification of domoic acid from contaminated mussels and phytoplankton was developed. Domoic acid was extracted from(More)
Pure domoic acid is required for use in research to investigate the biological effects of this new shellfish toxin. It may also prove to be a useful tool in studies exploring the basis of Alzheimer's disease. In this paper we describe a procedure which is effective in obtaining adequate quantities of pure domoic acid from blue mussel (Mytilus edulis). The(More)