Moheswar Sharma

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The effects on anatomy and behavior of a ribosomal inactivating protein (saporin) coupled to a monoclonal antibody against the low-affinity NGF receptor (NGFr) were examined. In adult rats, NGFr is expressed predominantly in cholinergic neurons of the medial septal area (MSA), diagonal band nuclei, and nucleus basalis magnocellularis (nBM), but also in(More)
We report that acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) activities in rat brain were virtually identical whether the rat was anesthetized with carbon dioxide (CO2) before decapitation or decapitated without prior sedation. The AChE and ChAT activities were measured in three brain regions: the hippocampus, cerebral cortex, and(More)
Although long-term tamoxifen therapy is associated with increased risk of endometrial cancer, little is known about the ability of endometrial tissue to biotransform tamoxifen to potentially reactive intermediates, capable of forming DNA adducts. The present study examined whether explant cultures of human endometrium provide a suitable in vitro model to(More)
Fresh human endometrial explants were incubated for 24h at 37 degrees C with either tamoxifen (10-100 micro M) or the vehicle (0.1% ethanol). Three metabolites namely, alpha-hydroxytamoxifen, 4-hydroxytamoxifen, and N-desmethyltamoxifen were identified in the culture media. Tissue size was limited but DNA adducts formed by the alpha-hydroxytamoxifen pathway(More)
Mitomycin C (MC), a clinically used natural antitumor agent, was shown to form three monoconjugates (11a-13a) and two bisconjugates (14a, 15a) with GSH upon reductive activation by rat liver microsomes, purified NADPH-cytochrome c reductase, or NADH-cytochrome c reductase or chemical reduction using H2/PtO2. Rat liver cytosol/NADH activated MC only at(More)
The deoxyhexanucleotide d(TACGTA) was synthesized by a modified phosphotriester method. The modified procedure made rapid synthesis of deoxyoligonucleotide possible in gram quantity. N-Acetoxy-2-acetylaminofluorene (AAAF) modified d(TACGTA). Thin layer chromatography and UV analysis of the acid treated AAF modified hexanucleotide showed that the covalent(More)
An increased risk of developing endometrial cancer has been observed in women receiving tamoxifen (TAM) endocrine therapy and chemoprevention. The genotoxic damage induced by TAM metabolites may be involved in the development of endometrial cancer. To investigate the capability of endometrial tissues to form TAM-DNA adducts, primary cultured human(More)
A facile method was developed to covalently attach a fluorophore to the 5'-phosphate of a nucleic acid. The procedure, illustrated by coupling 5'-dNmp (N = A,C,G,T) with 5-dimethylaminonaphthalene 1-sulfonyl chloride, commonly known as Dansyl chloride, involves 5'-phosphoramidation with ethylenediamine (EDA) followed by conjugation of the free aliphatic(More)