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Over the last decades, the development of the Klang Valley (Malaysia), as an urban commercial and industrial area, has elevated the risk of atmospheric pollutions. There are several significant sources of air pollutants which vary depending on the background of the location they originate from. The aim of this study is to determine the trend and status of(More)
The application of environmental science especially in ecological systems provide many opportunities and challenges for the technologies of modelling, control and analysis .This paper presents an overview of the impact of Artificial Intelligence techniques on the definition and development of ecosystems data. An artificial neural network (ANN) is a system(More)
The objective of this study is to identify spatial and temporal patterns in the air quality at three selected Malaysian air monitoring stations based on an eleven-year database (January 2000-December 2010). Four statistical methods, Discriminant Analysis (DA), Hierarchical Agglomerative Cluster Analysis (HACA), Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and(More)
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