Mohd Shazli Draman

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Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are submicron vesicles released from many cell types, including adipocytes. EVs are implicated in the pathogenesis of obesity-driven cardiovascular disease, although the characteristics of adipocyte-derived EVs are not well described. We sought to define the characteristics of adipocyte-derived EVs before and after adipogenesis,(More)
SUMMARY Hyponatraemia is the most commonly encountered electrolyte disturbance in neurological high dependency and intensive care units. Cerebral salt wasting (CSW) is the most elusive and challenging of the causes of hyponatraemia, and it is vital to distinguish it from the more familiar syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone (SIADH). Managing CSW(More)
IMPORTANCE Rates of thyroid hormone prescribing in the United States and the United Kingdom have increased substantially. If some of the increase is due to lowering the thyrotropin threshold for treatment, this may result in less benefit and greater harm. OBJECTIVE To define trends in thyrotropin levels at the initiation of levothyroxine sodium therapy(More)
BACKGROUND In Graves' orbitopathy (GO), increased proliferation, excess adipogenesis, and hyaluronan overproduction produce GO exophthalmos. Enophthalmos occurs in some glaucoma patients treated with Bimatoprost (prostaglandin F2α, PGF2α) eye drops. We hypothesized that enophthalmos is secondary to reductions in orbital tissue proliferation, adipogenesis,(More)
CONTEXT Thyroid dysfunction is associated with adverse obstetric outcomes, but there is limited information on pregnancy outcomes in women established on levothyroxine. OBJECTIVE The objective of the study was to determine the relationship between TSH levels and pregnancy outcomes in levothyroxine-treated women in a large community-based database. (More)
BACKGROUND Children whose mothers had low thyroid hormone levels during pregnancy have been reported to have decreased cognitive function. The reported research is part of the follow-on study of the Controlled Antenatal Thyroid Screening Study (CATS I), a randomised controlled trial which investigated the impact of treated vs. untreated low thyroid hormone(More)
Graves’ orbitopathy (GO) is the main extrathyroidal manifestation of Graves’ disease. When fully expressed, it is characterized by inflammatory soft tissue changes, exophthalmos, ocular dysmotility causing diplopia, and, rarely, sight-threatening dysthyroid optic neuropathy (DON). The prevalence of GO among Graves’ patients seems lately declining, probably(More)
OBJECTIVE Diabetic patients exhibit a higher cardiovascular risk compared to people without diabetes. The use of ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) is gaining popularity in this population. Night-time SBP has consistently been shown to be a potent predictor of cardiovascular risk in the normal population. We studied the predictive value of(More)
Evidence from clinical and experimental data suggests that thyrotropin receptor (TSHR) signaling is involved in energy expenditure through its impact on white adipose tissue (WAT) and brown adipose tissue (BAT). TSHR expression increases during mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) differentiation into fat. We hypothesize that TSHR activation [TSHR*, elevated(More)