Mohd Imtiaz Nawaz

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PURPOSE To measure levels of high-mobility group box -1 (HMGB1) and soluble receptor for advanced glycation end products (sRAGE) in the vitreous fluid from patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) and to correlate their levels with clinical disease activity and the levels of the inflammatory biomarkers monocyte chemoattractant protein-1(More)
Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is widely recognized as a neurovascular disease. Retina, being a neuronal tissue of the eye, produces neurotrophic factors for its maintenance. However, diabetes dysregulates their levels and thereby may damage the retina. Among neurotrophins, brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is the most abundant in the retina. In this(More)
Diabetic retinopathy is widely considered to be a neurovascular disease. This is in contrast to its previous identity as solely a vascular disease. Early in the disease progression of diabetes, the major cells in the neuronal component of the retina consist of retinal ganglion cells and glial cells, both of which have been found to be compromised. A number(More)
One of the major complications in patients with diabetes is diabetic retinopathy (DR), a leading cause of blindness worldwide. It takes several years before any clinical signs of retinopathy appear in diabetic patients, which gives an ample opportunity for scientists to uncover biochemical and molecular mechanism implicated early in the development and(More)
PURPOSE Selective proteolytic activation of protease-activated receptor-1 (PAR1) by thrombin and matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1) plays a central role in enhancing angiogenesis. We investigated the expression levels of thrombin, MMP-1, and PAR1 and correlated these levels with vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in proliferative diabetic retinopathy(More)
PURPOSE Tumor necrosis factor-like weak inducer of apoptosis (TWEAK) and tumor necrosis factor superfamily member 15 (TNFSF15), members of the TNF superfamily, play important roles in the modulation of inflammation and neovascularization. TWEAK activity is mediated via binding to fibroblast growth factor-inducible molecule 14 (Fn14). We investigated the(More)
This study aimed at examining the presence and role of chemokines (angiogenic CCL2/MCP-1 and angiostatic CXCL4/PF-4, CXCL9/Mig, CXCL10/IP-10) in proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR). Regulated chemokine production in human retinal microvascular cells (HRMEC) and chemokine levels in vitreous samples from 40 PDR and 29 non-diabetic patients were analyzed.(More)
The aim of this study was to measure the levels of high-mobility group box-1 (HMGB1) in the vitreous fluid from patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) and to correlate its levels with clinical disease activity and the levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), the angiogenic cytokine granulocyte-colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF),(More)
Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is the most common complication of diabetes. It causes vision loss, and the incidence is increasing with the growth of the diabetes epidemic worldwide. Over the past few decades a number of clinical trials have confirmed that careful control of glycemia and blood pressure can reduce the risk of developing DR and control its(More)
We introduce a simplified sample preparation method using bare TiO(2) nanoparticles (NPs) to serve as multifunctional nanoprobes (desalting, accelerating, and affinity probes) for effective enrichment of phosphopeptides from microwave-assisted tryptic digestion of phosphoproteins (alpha-casein, beta-casein and milk) in Electrospray Ionization Mass(More)