Mohanraj Sadasivam

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Bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is a major component of the cell wall of gram negative bacteria contributing to the pathogenesis of bacterial infection, in particular in those diseases affecting central nervous system and reproductive tissues. The present work is an attempt to study the regulation of steroidogenic enzymes gene expression in the brain and(More)
Bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is the most important contributing factor in pathogenesis of bacterial infection in male accessory glands; and it has shown to inhibit testicular steroidogenesis and induce apoptosis. The present study demonstrates that LPS causes mitochondrial dysfunction via suppression of sirtuin 4 (SIRT4); which in turn affects Leydig(More)
The proinflammatory cytokine tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) has an inhibitory role in gonadal functions particularly in the steroidogenesis of Leydig cells. A detailed understanding of the mechanisms by which TNF-α regulates testicular steroidogenesis will be helpful in the design of novel clinical interventions for the treatment and prevention of male(More)
Phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (PEPCK) is a key gluconeogenic enzyme found in many tissues throughout the body including brain. In the present study, we have investigated the effect of bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) on PEPCK and its role in neuronal steroidogenesis. Adult female albino rats were administered LPS (5mg/kg body weight) to induce acute(More)
The pro-inflammatory cytokine tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) has an inhibitory role in gonadal functions particularly in the steroidogenesis of Leydig cells. In the present study, we demonstrate that TNF-α activates histone deacetylases 7 (HDAC7), which regulates the expression of steroidogenic enzyme genes in Leydig cells. LC-540 Leydig cells were(More)
Natural killer T cells (NKT cells) are innate-like T cells that acquire effector functions while developing in the thymus, polarize into three distinct functional subsets viz. NKT1, NKT2 and NKT17 cells that produce interferon (IFN)-γ, interleukin (IL)-4 and IL-17, respectively. However, there has been no unique surface markers that define each subsets,(More)
AIM The paired and homeodomain-containing transcription factor, paired box 6 (Pax6), has shown to play pivotal roles in beta-cell function, including cell survival, insulin biosynthesis and secretion. The present study investigates the signaling events that regulate the modulation of Pax6 expression by glucose and the role of this modulation in cell(More)
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a significant problem in both native and transplant kidneys. There have been significant advances in understanding the role of immune cells in the early injury and repair from AKI. In this brief review, we aim to update information on the pathophysiologic impact of various immune cells in AKI, with special emphasis on repair. An(More)
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