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BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES Cytokine gene polymorphisms may alter Th1/Th2 balance with major implications in tuberculosis. The aim of our study was to find out whether Interferon gamma +874A and IL-4 -590T polymorphisms were associated with susceptibility to pulmonary tuberculosis as well as the level of IFNgamma and IL-4 in south Indian population. METHODS(More)
Vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene variants are shown to regulate immune response in tuberculosis. We studied the influence of VDR promoter (Cdx-2 and A1012G), 3' untranslated region (Apa I, Bsm I, and Taq I) and start codon (Fok I) polymorphisms on 1,25(OH)(2)D(3)-modulated IL-12p40, IFN-gamma, IL-10, and IL-5 response to live Mycobacterium tuberculosis and its(More)
Vitamin D receptor (VDR) genotypes have been shown to be associated with differential susceptibility or resistance to tuberculosis. The influence of FokI, BsmI, ApaI and TaqI variants of VDR gene on 1, 25(OH)(2) D(3) modulated granzyme A expression of cytotoxic lymphocytes induced by culture filtrate antigen (CFA) of Mycobacterium tuberculosis was studied(More)
1, 25 Dihydroxyvitamin D(3) (1, 25(OH)(2) D(3)) has gained significant importance in tuberculosis with regard to its immunoregulatory activities. Our aim was to evaluate the effect of 1, 25(OH)(2) D(3) on cytokine response to Mycobacterium tuberculosis antigens in pulmonary tuberculosis. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells obtained from 60 healthy controls(More)
Mannose-binding lectin (MBL) plays an important role in innate immunity. Functional mutant homozygotes of the MBL gene affect the serum MBL levels and have been correlated with disease susceptibility. We have studied the regulatory role of variant MBL genotypes on serum MBL level and macrophage phagocytosis with live Mycobacterium tuberculosis, and the(More)
Polymorphisms in the cytokine genes are known to influence cytokine levels and may be associated with outcome of infections. We investigated the polymorphisms in the cytokine genes namely IFN-gamma (+874 and +5644), IL-2 (-330 and +160), IL-4 (VNTR), IL-6 (-174), IL-10 (-1082 and -819) and IL-12B (+1188) in 188 normal healthy subjects (NHS) and 166(More)
Vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene variants are associated with differential susceptibility or resistance to tuberculosis in different ethnic groups. We investigated the polymorphisms in the 5' regulatory region of VDR gene in 206 normal healthy subjects and 166 patients with pulmonary tuberculosis from south India. Cdx-2 polymorphism was studied by polymerase(More)
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES Perforin is one of the major effector molecules of cytotoxic cells associated with killing of cells harbouring intracellular bacterial infection. The precise role of perforin positive cells in tuberculosis still remains controversial. The present study was done to determine the number of circulating CD4(+) and CD8(+) perforin(More)
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