Mohan Brahmandam

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Assays to measure DNA methylation, which are important in epigenetic research and clinical diagnostics, typically rely on conversion of unmethylated cytosine to uracil by sodium bisulfite. However, no study has comprehensively evaluated the precision and performance characteristics of sodium bisulfite conversion and subsequent quantitative methylation(More)
BACKGROUND The concept of CpG island methylator phenotype (CIMP) is not universally accepted. Even if specific clinicopathological features have been associated with CIMP, investigators often failed to demonstrate a bimodal distribution of the number of methylated markers, which would suggest CIMP as a distinct subtype of colorectal cancer. Previous studies(More)
Both benign and malignant tumors represent heterogenous tissue containing tumor cells and non-neoplastic mesenchymal and inflammatory cells. To detect a minority of mutant KRAS alleles among abundant wild-type alleles, we developed a sensitive DNA sequencing assay using Pyrosequencing, ie, nucleotide extension sequencing with an allele quantification(More)
Signet ring cell carcinoma and mucinous carcinoma are distinct subtypes of colorectal adenocarcinoma. The morphologic and molecular spectra of colorectal carcinomas with various signet ring cell components and colorectal carcinomas with various mucinous components, compared to non-mucinous adenocarcinomas, have not been examined. The study groups consisted(More)
Extensive gene promoter methylation in colorectal carcinoma has been termed the CpG island methylator phenotype (CIMP). Previous studies on CIMP used primarily methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction (PCR), which, unfortunately, may detect low levels of methylation that has little or no biological significance. Utilizing quantitative real-time PCR(More)
Bcl-2 or Bcl-X(L) confers resistance to chemotherapy in multiple myeloma (MM). Here we characterized the effects of ABT-737, a potent small-molecule inhibitor of antiapoptotic proteins Bcl-2, Bcl-X(L) and Bcl-w with markedly higher affinity than previously reported compounds, on human MM cells. ABT-737 induces apoptosis in MM cells, including those(More)
Our recent study demonstrated that a novel proteasome inhibitor NPI-0052 triggers apoptosis in multiple myeloma (MM) cells, and importantly, that is distinct from bortezomib (Velcade) in its chemical structure, effects on proteasome activities, and mechanisms of action. Here, we demonstrate that combining NPI-0052 and bortezomb induces synergistic anti-MM(More)
Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) overexpression and mutations of p53 (a known COX-2 regulator) are inversely associated with microsatellite instability-high (MSI-H) and CpG island methylator phenotype (CIMP) characterized by extensive promoter methylation, is associated with MSI-H. However, no studies have comprehensively examined interrelations between COX-2, p53,(More)
Transcriptional inactivation of tumor-suppressor genes by promoter CpG island methylation is thought to be an important mechanism in human carcinogenesis. The CpG island methylator phenotype (CIMP) with extensive promoter methylation appears to be a distinct epigenetic subtype of colorectal carcinoma. Most previous studies on CpG island methylation in(More)
PURPOSE Recently, activating mutations of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene were discovered in non-small cell lung cancers sensitive to gefitinib (ZD1839, an EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor) but not in gefitinib-resistant cancers. Abnormalities of EGFR and related pathways may have an effect on responsiveness of advanced colorectal cancer to(More)