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Tetanus is an acute, potentially fatal disease, caused by a bacterium, Clostridium tetani. The disease usually occurs in newborns through infection of the unhealed umbilical stump, particularly when the stump is cut with a non-sterile instrument. NT contributes to 5-7% of neonatal mortality worldwide. Several thousand mothers are also estimated to die(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this was to study the prevalence of diabetes in the rural adult population of Haryana, India. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS A total of 2606 adults aged ≥ 18 years were randomly selected from two rural blocks of Haryana State. Those without diabetes were subjected to a 75-gram oral glucose tolerance test. Demographic, socioeconomic, and(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a global health concern as it affects health status of both mother and fetus. In India, prevalence of GDM varies in different populations and no data is available from rural Haryana. This study was undertaken to determine the prevalence of GDM and risk factors associated with it in rural women(More)
Typhoid fever is a serious systemic infection, caused by the enteric pathogen Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi, a highly virulent and invasive enteric bacterium. This disease occurs in all parts of world where water supplies and sanitation are substandard. These pathogens then travel to food, drinks and water through house-flies and other vectors.(More)
Immunization is one of the most important public health interventions and a cost effective strategy to control the infectious diseases especially in children. Complete immunization coverage in India has increased from below 20% in the 1980s to nearly 61% at present, but still more than 1/3rd children remain un-immunized. Advent of combination vaccines has(More)
Varicella (chickenpox) is an acute, highly contagious viral disease with worldwide distribution. The highest prevalence occurs in the 4-10 year age group but tends to be more severe in adults. It may be fatal in neonates, immunocompromised persons, and normal adults, especially smokers. Varicella is usually a benign childhood disease, and rarely rated as an(More)
Measles is a highly infectious, acute respiratory illness that is caused by a virus of the genus Morbillivirus. The disease infects nearly 30 million children each year, and deaths usually occur from complications related to pneumonia, diarrhea and malnutrition. A systematic review of published Indian literature depicts the median case fatality ratio (CFR)(More)
Hypertension affects around 40% adults aged 25 years and more worldwide, and accounts for 7% of total disability-adjusted life-years. A simple algorithmic program is required to manage hypertension consisting of screening, life style measures, treatment and follow-up, a reliable drug supply and distribution system, and a credible health information system.(More)
Malaria remains one of the few diseases those continue to scourge human civilization despite the significant advances in disease control strategies over the last century. Malaria is responsible for more than 500 million cases and 1-3 million deaths annually. Approximately 85% of these deaths are among children, mostly in Africa, primarily due to P.(More)