Mohan Babu Appaiahgari

Learn More
We determined the levels of adenovirus 5 (Ad5) neutralizing antibodies in children in India less than 2 years of age. The results clearly show an age-dependent increase in Ad5-specific immunity, with 7- to 12-month-old children having the lowest levels of Ad5 immunity. This opens up the scope for the use of recombinant Ad5-based vaccines in this age group.
BACKGROUND Japanese encephalitis (JE) is endemic in Cuddalore district, Tamil Nadu (TN), Southern India. The reports of JE cases from the local hospitals did not reflect the actual disease burden. It is likely that these cases were attending the nearby referral hospitals, for want of better treatment facilities. OBJECTIVES Between July 2002 and February(More)
We have previously shown that immunization of mice with plasmid pMEa synthesizing Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) envelope protein induced anti-JEV humoral and cellular immune responses. We now show that intra-muscular co-administration of mice with pMEa and pGM-CSF, encoding murine granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor or pIL-2, encoding(More)
BACKGROUND Rotavirus infections cause approximately 122,000 deaths among Indian children annually. METHODS The neonatal rotavirus candidate vaccine 116E was tested in a double-blind, placebo-controlled dose-escalation trial in India. Two doses of the Vero cell-adapted vaccine were evaluated. One hundred eighty-seven infants received a vaccine dose of 1 X(More)
In India, rotavirus infections cause the death of 98621 children each year. In urban neighbourhoods in Delhi, children were followed up for 1 year to estimate the incidence of rotavirus gastroenteritis and common genotypes. Infants aged f1 week were enrolled in cohort 1 and infants aged 12 months (up to +14 days) in cohort 2. Fourteen percent (30/210)(More)
The lower immune response and efficacy of live oral rotavirus (RV) vaccines tested in developing countries may be due in part to high levels of pre-existing RV antibodies transferred to the infant from mother via the placenta. The candidate RV vaccine strain 116E was isolated from a newborn indicating that it might grow well even in the presence of this(More)
Japanese encephalitis (JE) is a disease of the CNS caused by Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV). The disease appears in the form of frequent outbreaks in most south- and southeast Asian countries and the virus has become endemic in several areas. There is no licensed therapy available and disease control by vaccination is considered to be most effective.(More)
P20778, an Indian strain of Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) obtained from Vellore in the Southern India, was grown in Vero cells cultured on microcarriers in a spinner flask. The virus was formalin-inactivated and its immunogenicity and protective efficacy in mice were tested in comparison with a commercially available vaccine. Our studies indicated that(More)
INTRODUCTION Adenoviruses (Ads) have attracted researchers from across the disciplines for several reasons. Their ability to recombine with and express the heterologous genes encouraged their development as gene/vaccine delivery vectors. Preclinical and clinical trials using these vectors have shown significant promise for their future development while(More)
The virus envelope (E) protein of Japanese encephalitis virus induces virus-neutralizing antibodies and is therefore a potential vaccine antigen. In a mammalian system, co-expression of another viral structural protein prM is necessary for proper expression and folding of E protein. Transgenic tobacco plants were produced carrying JEV cDNA encoding prM and(More)