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At least 17 members of the protein disulphide isomerase (PDI) family of oxidoreductases are present in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) of mammalian cells. They are thought to catalyse disulphide formation to aid folding or to regulate protein function; however, little is known about their individual functions. Here, we show that some proteins that enter the(More)
Hsp47 is a heat-shock protein that interacts transiently with procollagen during its folding, assembly and transport from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) of mammalian cells. It has been suggested to carry out a diverse range of functions, such as acting as a molecular chaperone facilitating the folding and assembly of procollagen molecules, retaining(More)
HSP47 is a molecular chaperone that plays an unknown role during the assembly and transport of procollagen. Our previous studies showed that, unlike most chaperones, HSP47 interacts with a correctly folded substrate. We suggested that HSP47 either stabilizes the correctly folded collagen helix from heat denaturation or prevents lateral aggregation prior to(More)
INTRODUCTION Severe sepsis is characterised by intravascular or extravascular infection with microbial agents, systemic inflammation and microcirculatory dysfunction, leading to tissue damage, organ failure and death. The growth factor angiopoietin (Ang-1) has therapeutic potential but recombinant Ang-1 tends to aggregate and has a short half-life in vivo.(More)
A key question relating to procollagen biosynthesis is the way in which closely related procollagen chains discriminate between each other to assemble in a type-specific manner. Intracellular assembly of procollagen occurs via an initial interaction between the C-propeptides followed by vectorial propagation of the triple-helical domain in the C to N(More)
The growth factor angiopoietin-1 (Ang-1) plays an essential role in angiogenesis and vascular homeostasis. Nevertheless, the role of Ang-1 in regulating vascular tone and blood flow is largely unexplored. Endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) and the junctional protein VE-cadherin are part of the complex signalling cascade initiated by Ang-1 in(More)
The rat neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) cDNA was expressed in Saccharomyces cerevisiae under the control of a hybrid PGK/GAL promoter, PAL. Galactose induction resulted in the production of a soluble 160 kDa protein that was recognised by anti-neuronal NOS antibody. NOS activity was detected by the conversion of [3H]arginine to [3H]citrulline and(More)
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