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Schizophrenia is a severe psychiatric disorder with a world-wide prevalence of 1%. The pathophysiology of the illness is not understood, but is thought to have a strong genetic component with some environmental influences on aetiology. To gain further insight into disease mechanism, we used microarray technology to determine the expression of over 30 000(More)
Kainate-induced status epilepticus is associated with both apoptotic and necrotic cell death and induction of heat shock proteins (HSPs) in hippocampal and cortical regions of the rodent brain. In the present study we have examined the temporal, spatial and cellular expression patterns of mRNAs for the highly inducible HSPs, HSP70 and HSP27, together with(More)
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a fatal neuromuscular disorder, characterised by progressive motor neuron degeneration and muscle paralysis. Heat shock proteins (HSPs) have significant cytoprotective properties in several models of neurodegeneration. To investigate the therapeutic potential of heat shock protein 27 (HSP27) in a mouse model of ALS, we(More)
1. The repeated co-administration of the non-competitive N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonist dizocilpine (0.1 and 0.3 mg kg-1, i.p.) with nicotine (0.4 mg kg-1, s.c.) attenuated the development of tolerance to the locomotor depressant effect of the nicotine in rats. 2. The repeated co-administration of the competitive NMDA antagonist D-CPPene(More)
Glutamate, the principal excitatory neurotransmitter in the brain, acts on three families of ionotropic receptor--AMPA (alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-isoxazole-4-propionic acid), kainate and NMDA (N-methyl-D-aspartate) receptors and three families of metabotropic receptor (Group I: mGlu1 and mGlu5; Group II: mGlu2 and mGlu3; Group III: mGlu4, mGlu6, mGlu7(More)
The 27-kDa heat shock protein (HSP27) has a potent ability to increase cell survival in response to a wide range of cellular challenges. In order to investigate the mode of action of HSP27 in vivo, we have developed transgenic lines, which express human HSP27 at high levels throughout the brain, spinal cord, and other tissues. In view of the particular(More)
Kindling is a well documented model of acquired focal epilepsy and synaptic plasticity in the nervous system. Previous biochemical studies have indicated an increase in mGluR-mediated phosphoinositide hydrolysis in the amygdala or hippocampus of fully kindled animals. In this study we have used in situ hybridisation techniques to examine the mRNA expression(More)
The aim of this study was to quantify spinal cord expression of genes known to cause familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (FALS) or influence survival in a large cohort of sporadic cases of ALS (SALS), in order to determine their relevance to pathogenic mechanisms occurring in SALS. The expression of superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1), vesicle associated(More)
Heat shock proteins are expressed in response to cellular stress and can protect cells from further stress and facilitate recovery. Heat shock protein 27 is of particular interest because it has been implicated in a range of protective roles including protein chaperoning, stabilising elements of the cytoskeleton and as an active inhibitor of apoptosis. In(More)
In situ hybridization techniques and quantitative western blotting were used to study the expression of the glial glutamate transporter GLT-1 and GLAST in the brains of normal (implanted, non-kindled) and fully kindled rats. Wistar rats were implanted with stimulating electrodes in the basolateral amygdala, and killed 28 days after the stimulated group had(More)