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Nicotine has been shown to maintain intravenous self-administration behaviour in humans and laboratory animals. However, factors critical in the initiation of nicotine self administration are not well defined. In particular genetic differences and effects of pre-exposure to nicotine have not been examined. Male Sprague-Dawley or Long-Evans rats were(More)
Nicotine can increase stimulus detection, response rate and speed in the five-choice serial reaction time task, a rodent test of attention. In the present experiments, four other nicotinic agonists with different pharmacological profiles were compared in the same procedure. The response profile of epibatidine resembled that previously obtained with nicotine(More)
The subtypes of nicotinic receptors at which the behavioural effects of nicotine originate are not fully understood. These experiments use mice lacking the beta2 subunit of nicotinic receptors to investigate its role in nicotine discrimination and conditioned taste aversion (CTA). Wild-type and mutant mice were trained either in a two-lever nicotine(More)
The motivational properties of morphine and nicotine were investigated in an automated conditioned place preference (CPP) procedure using a two-compartment apparatus. The accuracy of the photocell recording system was assessed by correlation with direct observation. In a counterbalanced conditioning design, graded doses of morphine (0.1-3.2 mg/kg SC)(More)
Mice of the C56BL/6J strain were trained to discriminate between nicotine (1.2 mg/kg) and saline in a two-lever drug discrimination procedure under a tandem variable-interval 60 s fixed-ratio 10 schedule of food reinforcement. Mice of the same strain were trained in conditioned taste aversion (CTA) experiments where drinking a saccharin or saline solution(More)
RATIONALE Nicotine can enhance attentional performance in humans, a property that may be of therapeutic utility. OBJECTIVES To identify brain sites mediating nicotine-induced attentional enhancement. METHODS Nicotine (0, 1, 2, 4 and 8 microg) was injected bilaterally into the dorsal hippocampus and the prelimbic area of the prefrontal cortex, brain(More)
RATIONALE Previous work has shown that a dose of DHbetaE, a competitive nicotinic receptor antagonist that blocked the discriminative stimulus properties of nicotine, was insufficient to block locomotor depression or operant rate-reducing effects of nicotine in rats. Examination of DHbetaE against other behavioural effects of nicotine may help in(More)
InVivoStat is a free-to-use statistical software package for analysis of data generated from animal experiments. The package is designed specifically for researchers in the behavioural sciences, where exploiting the experimental design is crucial for reliable statistical analyses. This paper compares the analysis of three experiments conducted using(More)
The endocannabinoid system has been implicated in the motivational effects of nicotine and nicotine-associated stimuli but the neural circuitry underlying tobacco addiction is not fully characterised. The present study aimed to establish a second-order schedule of nicotine reinforcement to compare the role of the endocannabinoid system in nicotine- and(More)
— In low-power sensing systems, communication constraints play a critical role; e.g., biomedical devices often acquire physiological signals from distributed sources and/or wireless implants. Compressive sensing enables sub-Nyquist sampling for low-energy data reduction on such nodes. The reconstruction cost, however, is severe, typically pushing signal(More)