Mohammed Shoaib

Learn More
 Nicotine has been shown to maintain intravenous self-administration behaviour in humans and laboratory animals. However, factors critical in the initiation of nicotine self administration are not well defined. In particular genetic differences and effects of pre-exposure to nicotine have not been examined. Male Sprague-Dawley or Long-Evans rats were(More)
  Rationale: The route of nicotine administration between animal models and humans is very different and further investigation by determining levels of nicotine entering into the circulatory system is warranted. Objective: The present study addresses the validity of the rat self-administration procedure by comparing plasma levels of nicotine in the rat with(More)
The ring-A-reduced progesterone derivative 5 alpha-pregnan-3 alpha-ol-20-one (tetrahydroprogesterone) is synthesized under normal physiological conditions in the brain and is a potent modulator of the GABA receptor. This neurosteroid has significant sedative and anxiolytic properties. Corticotropin-releasing hormone plays a major role in stress-induced(More)
Rationale: Beneficial effects of nicotine on cognitive processes including attention have potential therapeutic uses and have been proposed as incentives for tobacco smoking. Objectives: To establish task conditions under which the effects of nicotine on attention are obtained reliably and to characterise such effects further. Methods: Rats were trained in(More)
Mice of the C56BL/6J strain were trained to discriminate between nicotine (1.2 mg/kg) and saline in a two-lever drug discrimination procedure under a tandem variable-interval 60 s fixed-ratio 10 schedule of food reinforcement. Mice of the same strain were trained in conditioned taste aversion (CTA) experiments where drinking a saccharin or saline solution(More)
Nicotine enhances attentional and working memory aspects of executive function in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) where dopamine plays a major role. Here, we have determined the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) subtypes that can modulate dopamine release in rat PFC using subtype-selective drugs. Nicotine and 5-Iodo-A-85380 (beta2* selective) elicited(More)
The motivational properties of morphine and nicotine were investigated in an automated conditioned place preference (CPP) procedure using a two-compartment apparatus. The accuracy of the photocell recording system was assessed by correlation with direct observation. In a counterbalanced conditioning design, graded doses of morphine (0.1–3.2 mg/kg SC)(More)
Nicotine can increase stimulus detection, response rate and speed in the five-choice serial reaction time task, a rodent test of attention. In the present experiments, four other nicotinic agonists with different pharmacological profiles were compared in the same procedure. The response profile of epibatidine resembled that previously obtained with nicotine(More)
Studies in smokers have suggested that at least part of the improved psychomotor performance produced by nicotine is the result of an effect on attention. Many animal experiments have assessed the effects of nicotine and its antagonists on diverse types of learning and memory but relatively few have looked at it in tasks designed to assess attention. In a(More)
Anxiolytic effects of ethanol have been proposed to be important factors in the initiation of ethanol consumption. To examine this hypothesis, drug-naive Wistar rats were tested in the elevated plusmaze to determine their initial level of anxiety. Based on their response, we separated the animals into anxious and non-anxious groups. After that, animals went(More)